Annual Forum Papers

TIPS Forum 2002: Global Integration, Sustainable Development and the Southern African Economy (46)

  • Year 2002
  • Publication Author(s) Paul Robertson
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The tourism sector of the South African economy has been characterized by rapid growth in the mid-1990s which has levelled off more recently, and an increasing contribution to overall employment. The question now is how South Africa's negotiation process in removing barriers to the trade in services might affect the…
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  • Year 2002
  • Publication Author(s) O.A. Akinboade; E.W. Niedermeier
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
In the early 1990s, about two-thirds of South Africans were without electricity, relying on dirtier and less convenient fuel such as coal. As a result, urban air is severely degraded, with health guidelines for concentration of particulate materials being exceeded. Eskom dominates the electricity market of sub-Saharan Africa generates about…
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  • Year 2002
  • Publication Author(s) Samuel Asfaha; SN Huda
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Based on Edwards' (1989) intertemporal general equilibrium model of a small open economy, this study attempts to estimate the degree of real exchange rate misalignment and its impact on the international trade competitiveness of the South African economy for the period 1985:1-2000:4. For this purpose, a one-step Engle-Granger approach and…
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  • Year 2002
  • Publication Author(s) Alvin Birdi; Paul Dunne
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This paper contributes to the debate over the effect of trade on the demand for labour in the manufacturing sector in South Africa. Previous work in the area has decomposed employment to find the likely contribution of trade effects, has investigated the correlation between employment and trade, and has used…
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  • Year 2002
  • Publication Author(s) Lawrence Edwards
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This paper uses two firm level surveys, the National Enterprise (NE) survey and the World Bank and Greater Johannesburg Metropolitan Council (GJMC) co-ordinated survey, to explore the implications of globalisation on employment in South Africa. We use the firm surveys to analyse the impact of trade liberalisation on the level…
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  • Year 2002
  • Publication Author(s) Trudi Hartzenberg
This paper provides an overview of the interconnectedness between trade, competition and investment in SADC, and explores the competition implications emerging therefrom. From a review of existing competition policy in SADC, key national and regional competition challenges are examined, with a view to suggesting options for regional collaboration to address…
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  • Year 2002
  • Publication Author(s) Swapna Mukhopadhyay
A major argument for trade liberalisation has been that openness increases efficiency, ensures greater market access to goods and employment, and these factors in due course raise growth rates and reduce poverty. However, it is also recognized that distribution of trade benefits among trading partners may be skewed, and that…

  • Year 2002
  • Publication Author(s) Nnzeni Netshitomboni; Matthew Stern
The paper extends simple trade analysis techniques used to evaluate barriers to goods trade to identify opportunities and barriers to South African trade in services. Using available services trade data from four of South Africa's major trading partners, under-traded service imports are identified and compared to trade restrictions listed in…
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  • Year 2002
  • Publication Author(s) Neil Rankin
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This paper examines the response of South African manufacturing production to changes in prices and exchange rates. A restricted profit function is used to model the behaviour of the manufacturing sector, as well as a number of manufacturing sub-sectors, and of the agricultural and coal mining sectors. Labour and intermediate…
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  • Year 2002
  • Publication Author(s) Ethel Teljeur; Matthew Stern
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The South African architectural, construction and engineering services industries have notable competitive advantages, particularly in providing basic infrastructure and particularly on the African continent. However, the sector has been in decline for over two decades, threatening the survival of those advantages. Exporters face many hurdles, ranging from corruption in Africa…
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  • Year 2002
  • Publication Author(s) Daniel Ndlela; Thandinkosi Ndlela
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
The major objective of this study is to evaluate the role of exchange rate policy in determining trade flows with respect to Southern African economies. The study provides a structural analysis to the empirical strength of the influence of exchange rate movements on trade flows for small low-income countries on…
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  • Year 2002
  • Publication Author(s) Linda de Vries
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Economic empowerment reflects the challenges, the changes and the strategies of a large part of the South African population to have entry into industries, business sectors where the ownership and the skills were located in the hands of a few South Africans. The attempts of the private and public sector…
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  • Year 2002
  • Publication Author(s) Pieter Laubscher
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This paper was inspired in the first place as the author observed extraordinary resilience in the domestic real economy in the wake of not only the world recessionary conditions of 2000/1 but also the dramatic slide of the currency towards the end of 2001. As possibly the first hard evidence…

  • Year 2002
  • Publication Author(s) Albert Mafusire
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Intra-SADC trade remains very low despite the shift in the focus of the regional body from being driven mainly by political objectives to a position where economic imperatives are accorded greater weight. By calculating the revealed comparative advantage indices for the regional countries, results from this paper suggest that relative…
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  • Year 2002
  • Publication Author(s) Frank Flatters
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
SADC Member States have chosen regional integration as part of their strategy for global participation. While not a first best strategy, regionalism can complement more general trade and investment liberalization. Unfortunately the SADC Trade Protocol is seriously flawed. Back-loaded and confusingly differentiated tariff reduction schedules are well-known problems. Less clearly…
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