Annual Forum Papers

Annual Forum Papers (413)

  • Year 2008
  • Organisation University of Pretoria
  • Publication Author(s) James Blignaut;Jan van Heerden
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
South Africa is in the grip of an electricity crisis marked by a euphemism known as load shedding. The demand for electricity has grown to the point that the supply reserve margin is often under threat, necessitating the electricity supplier to cut supply to some areas, or to shed load.…

  • Year 2008
  • Publication Author(s) Mompati N. Baiphethi; Siyabulela Manona;M.F. Viljoen;G. Kundhlande
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Most of the communal arable lands in the former homeland areas are currently either underutilized or not utilized at all. Among some of the reasons given is the absence of 'land markets' owing to the communal nature of the rights bestowed on the owners/users of the land. This paper aims…

  • Year 2008
  • Organisation Development Works and Leap
  • Publication Author(s) Lauren Royston
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The question that concerns this paper is: how can greater security of tenure increase access to economic opportunities for the poor? Because of the relationship of tenure to property, the primary concern of this paper becomes: how secure access to property can increase economic opportunities for the poor. Rephrased, the…

  • Year 2008
  • Organisation Lahore University of Management Sciences
  • Publication Author(s) Faheem ul Islam
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The paper presents significant new insights for Policy Makers, Practitioners, Educators, and Researchers into the socio-economy of agglomerated SMEs in developing country context. Using mixed methods of inquiry and concurrent triangulation approach this paper profiles the socio-economy of the internationally competitive textile industry cluster of Faisalabad in Pakistan to establish…

  • Year 2007
  • Publication Author(s) Stephan Malherbe;Nick Segal
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
By the late 1980s, many of South Africa's corporations were bloated, unfocused and run by entrenched and complacent managers. These firms were sustained and tolerated by a very different environment from that in advanced economies and capital markets. The mainstay of the South African environment was isolation. Tariffs and political…

  • Year 2004
  • Publication Author(s) Peter Glick; Francois Roubard
  • Countries and Regions Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (Comesa)
This study seeks to understand the labor market (employment and earnings) and gender impacts of the dramatic recent expansion of the export processing zone (the Zone Franche) in urban Madagascar. It is distinguished from most earlier empirical analysis of this subject by its use of micro data collected annually over…

  • Year 2006
  • Publication Author(s) Dorrit Posel and Rosa Dias
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This paper investigates the relationship between education and unemployment in post-apartheid South Africa, and probes the argument that employment growth has been inhibited particularly by skills constraints. We use probit regression analysis to show that higher education protected against unemployment in both 1995 and 2003, and that overall, the relative…
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  • Year 2006
  • Publication Author(s) J.W. Fedderke and Z. Bogetic
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Empirical explorations of the growth and productivity impacts of infrastructure have been characterized by ambiguous (countervailing signs) results with little robustness. A number of explanations of the contradictory findings have been proposed. These range from the crowd-out of private by public sector investment, non-linearities generating the possibility of infrastructure overprovision,…
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  • Year 2006
  • Publication Author(s) Steven F Koch and Simon Ssekabira Ntege
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This paper empirically contributes towards the debate between the human capital and screening theories. Using South Africa's September 2004 Labour Force Survey data, and after controlling for self-selection, the weak and strong versions of screening hypothesis are tested. The honour's degree, and certificates or diplomas got without grade twelve, provide…

  • Year 2005
  • Publication Author(s) Tom Hertz
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Minimum wages have been in place for South Africa's one million domestic service workers since November of 2002. Using data from seven waves of the Labour Force Survey, this paper ocuments that the real wages, average monthly earnings, and total earnings of all employed domestic workers have risen since the…
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  • Year 2005
  • Publication Author(s) Jeremy Wakeford
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The past two decades have witnessed an unprecedented globalisation of trade in goods and services. This process has been driven, inter alia, by technology, ideology and the availability of relatively cheap energy. By extrapolating this trend, one may expect further integration of world markets and increasingly unhindered international trade. However,…
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  • Year 2005
  • Publication Author(s) Alain Kabundi and Elsabe Loots
  • Countries and Regions South Africa, Southern African Development Community (SADC)
This paper uses a novel dynamic factor model a la Forni et al. (2003) to investigate the impact of increasing trade on the co-movement of the business cycle between South Africa and the Southern African Development Community (SADC) countries. The results show a moderate but increasing synchronization between South Africa and SADC…
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  • Year 2005
  • Publication Author(s) Marian Walker
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
South African policy makers and industrial planners are centrally concerned with identifying strategies and programmes that maximise and broaden the economic linkages that naturally arise from the need to extract, process and refine the country's mineral resources (DST, 2002; DTI, 2002). At an industry level these linkages encompass 'downstream' (beneficiation)…
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  • Year 2005
  • Publication Author(s) Moses Sichei, Jean Luc Erero and Tewodros Gebreselassie
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The study applies an augmented gravity equation to South Africa's exports of motor vehicles, parts & accessories (SIC 381-383) to 76 countries over the period 1994 to 2003. The study employs a dynamic panel data model to estimate long-run and short-run coefficients. First, it is shown that it takes about…
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  • Year 2005
  • Publication Author(s) Neil Rankin, Mans Soderbom and Francis Teal
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This paper investigates whether African manufacturing exporters are more productive than non-exporters and whether these productivity differences precede entry into the export market. We find at expoters are more productive but that productivity does not matter for entry into t export market - suggesting that learning by exporting is important.…
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  • Year 2005
  • Publication Author(s) Simon Hess
  • Countries and Regions South Africa, Southern African Development Community (SADC)
The current implementation of a free trade area in SADC has given rise to concerns that the present location of industry in the region will be adversely affected. Specifically, many of the smaller and less-developed countries fear that this change will result in a loss of their industry towards the…
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  • Year 2005
  • Publication Author(s) K.R. Todani and T.V. Munyama
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This paper examines the characteristics of short-term fluctuations/volatility of the South African exchange rate and investigates whether this volatility has affected the South Africa's exports flows. In particular the paper investigates the impact of exchange rate volatility on aggregate South African exports flows to the rest of the world, as…
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  • Year 2005
  • Publication Author(s) Dorrit Posel and Daniela Casale
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
In household surveys, earnings data typically can be reported as point values, in brackets or as 'missing'. In this paper we consider South African household survey data that contain these three sets of responses. In particular, we examine whether there are systematic differences between the sample of the employed with…
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  • Year 2005
  • Publication Author(s) L.G. Mohamed
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Understanding firm competitiveness and product development is crucial to industrial development. The plastics sector provides a good case in which to explore these issues. The plastics sector has been one of the better performing sectors in recent years in terms of output and employment. Plastic products are increasingly replacing metal…
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  • Year 2005
  • Publication Author(s) Mike Morris and Leanne Sedowski
  • Countries and Regions Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (Comesa)
The last few years have witnessed two major shifts in global trading and industrialisation patterns. The first is the rise of China (with the South East Asian region in tow) as the dominant force reshaping the relations between developing and developed countries as well as the competitive dynamics within the…
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  • Year 2005
  • Publication Author(s) Reza Daniels and Lawrence Edwards
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This paper evaluates how tariff liberalisation affected households in South Africa over the period 1995, 2000 and 2004, focussing specifically on the incidence of tariffs over the expenditure distribution. Results suggest that trade liberalisation has reduced the tariff burden for households across the expenditure distribution, implying significant welfare improvement to…
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  • Year 2005
  • Publication Author(s) Ryan Hawthorne, Reena Das Nair and Keith Bowen
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Between January 2002 and July 2005, the South African exchange rate has appreciated by more than 30 per cent. At the same time, there has been widespread news coverage of the decline in several manufacturing sectors, notably clothing and textiles. Over the same period, commodity prices have risen substantially. The…
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  • Year 2005
  • Publication Author(s) Servaas van der Berg, Ronelle Burger, Rulof Burger, Megan Louw and Derek Yu
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Using a constructed data series and another data series based on AMPS (the All Media and Products surveys), this paper explores trends in poverty and income distribution over the post-transition period. To steer clear of an unduly optimistic conclusion, assumptions are chosen that would tend to show the least decline…
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  • Year 2005
  • Publication Author(s) Geoff Parr
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Pricing tradable goods in the domestic market at import parity is evaluated to determine whether it can be characterized as a competitive constraint on pricing, or as a source of market power. The policy of import parity pricing (IPP) is also assessed in terms of the South African Competition Act.…
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  • Year 2005
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
South Africa's low investment rate has been widely recognised as both a symptom and cause of relatively poor industrial performance in the past decade. Investment is particularly important as restructuring requires the rapid growth of new activities if potential gains are to be realised, especially with a view to increasing…
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  • Year 2005
  • Publication Author(s) D Kaplan
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
NOTE: This is an extract from the recent report of the Department of Economic Development, Western Cape Province. The first chapter sets the scene by outlining some of the challenges faced. Chapter 5 sets out the heart of the approach employed in identifying priority sectors and the broad policy approach…
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  • Year 2005
  • Publication Author(s) J.W. Fedderke and A.K. Fitschen
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This paper examines growth patterns in the Western Cape over the 1970-1996 period by means of primal growth accounting decompositions. Evidence by magisterial district, by statistical region and by SIC 3-digit manufacturing sector is presented. We find that the Western Cape differs from national growth patterns. Manufacturing in the Western…
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  • Year 2005
  • Publication Author(s) Amiena Bayat and Zunaid Moolla
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Trade and industrial policies are generally viewed from the vantage point of national government. Hence the emphasis on the type of trade regime that should be pursued (tariffs, subsidies, etc), the state of the current account, the exchange rate and geo-political factors (globalisation, power blocs and regional associations). While the…
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  • Year 2005
  • Publication Author(s) Johannes Fedderke;Yongcheol Shin
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This paper advances on previous work on the effects of trade and technical change on labour markets within the framework of Heckscher-Ohlin trade theory. First, we employ dynamic heterogeneous panel estimation techniques not previously used in thiscontext, which separate Heckscher-Ohlin-based long run relationships from short run dynamics that are heterogeneous…
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  • Year 2005
  • Publication Author(s) Jorge Maia;Lumkile Mondi; Simon Roberts
  • Countries and Regions Mercosur (Common Market of the South), South Africa
Brazil and South Africa share similar development challenges. Both have very unequal income distributions, both have a strong resource orientation underpinning their industrial development trajectory, and both have undergone a sharp liberalisation and opening up of their economies in the past decade. At the same time, both countries are attempting…
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