Annual Forum Papers

Annual Forum Papers (413)

  • Year 2003
  • Publication Author(s) David Kaplan
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Section 1 examines South Africa's comparative industrial performance over approximately the last two decades – manufacturing value added (MVA), manufactured exports in aggregate and exports of dynamic manufactured products, and industrial structure. Two “equity dimensions” of this performance that feature strongly in government's objectives for manufacturing are then outlined –…

  • Year 2003
  • Publication Author(s) Stan Dieden
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
In this exploratory analysis of household survey data, households' main income sources are used indicators of integration into the South African core economy. Notwithstanding the country's high urbanization rates, the picture of household income generation which emerges is one that disputes common perceptions of the multitude of means by which…

  • Year 2003
  • Organisation University of the Witwatersrand
  • Publication Author(s) Simon Roberts
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Competition policy is part of the new international orthodoxy in economic policy and, at the same time, was viewed in South Africa as a crucial element of economic transformation. This article reviews the role of competition policy in economic development and the experiences of developing countries such as Brazil and…

  • Year 2002
  • Publication Author(s) Jessie de Beer
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The new international financial architecture has its roots in the financial crises that shook emerging-market economies in the l990s Mexico in 1994-5, and East Asia in 1997-8. The problems there, as well as in Russia in 1998, in Brazil in 1998-9, and more recently in Turkey and Argentina, underscored the…
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  • Year 2002
  • Publication Author(s) Neil Rankin
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This paper examines the response of South African manufacturing production to changes in prices and exchange rates. A restricted profit function is used to model the behaviour of the manufacturing sector, as well as a number of manufacturing sub-sectors, and of the agricultural and coal mining sectors. Labour and intermediate…
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  • Year 2002
  • Publication Author(s) Sophie Chauvin; Guillaume Gaulier
In September 2000, the SADC FTA has been launched wherein full liberalization of trade is expected by 2012. The SADC FTA is intended to act as a catalyst for increased regional integration. Nevertheless what are the benefits expected from the SADC FTA given the economic structure disparities existing among its…
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  • Year 2002
  • Publication Author(s) Bernard Hoekman
This paper analyzes a number of the challenges confronting developing countries seeking to use the WTO Doha negotiations to promote their economic growth and performance. A precondition for success is to have clear objectives and to take a pro-active stance. But a key necessary condition for success will be to…
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  • Year 2002
  • Publication Author(s) Bijit Bora; Marc Bacchetta
The negotiating mandate for the Doha Development Agenda is both broad and comprehensive. This paper has tried to focus on the basic mandate given to negotiators in the area of tariffs and trade in industrial products. With respect to developed country markets the key issue is how to tackle the…
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  • Year 2002
  • Publication Author(s) Charles Mather
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This paper is about changes in the regulation of citrus exports from South Africa. It traces the changes from state regulation of the citrus chain to very recent forms of private regulation in the context of highly competitive global markets. The paper argues that while these forms of private regulation…
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  • Year 2002
  • Publication Author(s) Michiel van Dijk
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This paper analyses the historical performance of the South African manufacturing sector in an international perspective. After a brief overview of the industrialisation process of South Africa during the 20th century, a binary comparison of manufacturing output and productivity between South Africa and the US is presented. The industry-of-origin approach…
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  • Year 2002
  • Publication Author(s) Anthony Black; Shannon Mitchell
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The paper first outlines the history of industrial and trade policy in the industry. It highlights the significance of the transition from import-substitution policies to export promotion policies. It then provides an analytic exposition of the welfare costs and benefits of the current export complementation programme. We find that: The…
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  • Year 2002
  • Publication Author(s) Nicholas Vink; Norma Tregurtha
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Over the past two decades, South Africa's agricultural sector has been extensively liberalised. As a result, a closer examination of the data shows some interesting trends in international trade in food and beverage products. First, exports of processed foods and beverages have shown strong growth. Despite the large increase in…
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  • Year 2002
  • Publication Author(s) Simon Hess
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
This study investigates the impact of a free trade area (FTA) on industrial distribution within the Southern African Development Community (SADC). As such the study is grounded in new theories of international trade analysing the impact of trade agreements on countries of different sizes. SADC represents a consortium of countries…
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  • Year 2002
  • Publication Author(s) Matthew Stern
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Economists seem to agree that the theory of comparative advantage can be extended to trade in services. Countries with relatively large endowments of skilled labour and capital and relatively few natural resources should export more services and less mining or agricultural goods than those relatively rich in land or resources.…
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  • Year 2002
  • Publication Author(s) Grace Mohamed; Daniel Motinga
  • Countries and Regions Namibia
This paper investigates the economic impact of globalisation on the Namibian labour market. It deals with how trade liberalisation, which is just one dimension of globalisation, impacts on the labour market, and therefore outlines possible indicators of the links between liberalisation and employment. The paper argues that the economic returns…
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  • Year 2002
  • Publication Author(s) Neo Chabane
In 1996 the maize market was liberalised and the maize marketing board was abolished. This has meant that prices and production decisions now respond to market forces. At the same time there has been a restructuring of agents at different levels of the maize supply chain and there are relatively…
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  • Year 2002
  • Publication Author(s) Newman Kwadwo Kusi
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This paper examines the impact of trade liberalization on export performance in South Africa during the 1980s and 1990s. It employs a time series regression analysis in which export performance is assumed to be determined by external market conditions, the ability to compete in the world markets, and the extent…
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  • Year 2002
  • Publication Author(s) Nicholas Mudungwe
  • Countries and Regions South Africa, Zimbabwe
Globalisation and regional integration have brought to the fore the need to benchmark economic policies of nations as a way of identifying and evaluating reasons as to why some countries are more competitive than others. The present paper therefore attempts to compare and contrast the levels and variations between Zimbabwe…
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  • Year 2002
  • Publication Author(s) Frank Flatters
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
SADC Member States have chosen regional integration as part of their strategy for global participation. While not a first best strategy, regionalism can complement more general trade and investment liberalization. Unfortunately the SADC Trade Protocol is seriously flawed. Back-loaded and confusingly differentiated tariff reduction schedules are well-known problems. Less clearly…
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  • Year 2002
  • Publication Author(s) J.N. Blignaut; T Demana
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
High expectations exist about the possible contribution of SMMEs to economic growth and development in South Africa. It is recognized, however, that SMMEs are seriously constrained in many regards, amongst others, legal and institutional requirements, whereas the authorities do not have adequate capacity for enforcement. Non-compliance cannot therefore be effectively…
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  • Year 2002
  • Publication Author(s) Dockel Max; Roland Mirrilees
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The paper discusses the current developments concerning the environment and trade, as well as its implications for South Africa. This is followed by a brief outline of the threats and opportunities that are created for the economy by this renewed emphasis on sustainable development
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  • Year 2002
  • Publication Author(s) Andrew Myburgh
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This paper outlines the major emigration trends over the last twenty years. It argues that the two major causes of emigration have been real wage differentials and falling immigration restrictions in the major destination countries. The paper concludes by outlining some policy interventions that can be instituted to decrease emigration.
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  • Year 2002
  • Publication Author(s) Rosanna Achterberg; Trudi Hartzenberg
The study provides a general overview of current issues in the South African Distribution Sector. It is restricted to focussing on three industries namely, pharmaceutical distribution, distribution in the food industry and distribution in the automotive industry. In examining the behaviour of SA retail pharmacies it becomes apparent that retailers…
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  • Year 2002
  • Publication Author(s) Anmar Pretorius
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This paper evaluates the impact of globalisation on income distribution in South Africa. There are broadly two ways in which it can affect income distribution and help to address poverty. On a macro level it can stimulate economic growth, create jobs and provide salary income to people previously not employed.…
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  • Year 2002
  • Publication Author(s) Anmar Pretorius; Jessie de Beer
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
South Africa has experienced considerable currency volatility during the past few years, despite strong economic fundamentals. Recently this resulted in the appointment of the Myburgh Commission of inquiry into the depreciation of the rand. From January 1, 1996 to May 29, 2002, the value of the rand depreciated from R3.64…
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  • Year 2002
  • Publication Author(s) Susanna Wolf
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
A close look at the specific causes of domestic and foreign private investment in the SADC countries is needed. This paper has the aim to look especially at those factors that are under direct control of governments like infrastructure and regional integration and where decisions have to be made in…
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  • Year 2002
  • Publication Author(s) Adelaide Matlanyane
  • Countries and Regions Southern Africa Customs Union (SACU)
This paper looks at the policy of financial liberalisation within the context of a small developing economy that is experiencing financial sector distress. The performance and structure of the banking sector of the economy of Lesotho is in particular reviewed before, during and after the reform period. The paper also…
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  • Year 2002
  • Publication Author(s) Daniel Ndlela
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
The paper will examine the structural characteristics of the SADC economies and its lop-sidedness in terms of size and patterns of production, consumption and trade. This basic problem of the transformation of the economies in the sub-region will constitute an important part of my analysis of the determinants of exports…

  • Year 2002
  • Publication Author(s) Mihalis Chasomeris
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
South Africa is a major sea trading nation with a relatively open economy that accounts for approximately six per cent of real world seatrade. This performance places South Africa within the top 12 international maritime trading nations. The literature reviewed clearly shows the importance of maritime transport costs and their…
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