This paper assesses the state of play in South Africa at each level of policymaking, relying on a policy pyramid approach. The policy pyramid framework aims to merge both top-down and bottom-up approaches of policymaking in a dynamic and iterative fashion. At all levels, this method suggests a cooperative governance framework, gathering government and other social partners (business, labour and civil society), based on constant policy dialogue, engagement and co-development. Each level then plays a complementary role in the design and implementation of evidence-based, effective and ambitious policies.
Based on this approach, the paper conducts a diagnostic of the situation in South Africa and formulates targeted recommendations.