Trade and Industry

Member countries of the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) engaged in a number of bilateral trade liberalisation agreements and initiatives from as way back as the 1950s, the main objective being to increase bilateral trade flows through deeper opening and access of regional markets. Southern African countries saw these ‘country to country' trade agreements coupled with the adoption, by the SADC region, of a ‘Protocol on Trade' (TP) in 1996, and its implementation from 2000, was viewed as a coherent trade policy strategy to promote regional economic growth and help reduce poverty. Bilateral trade flows have been analysed on sensitive products textiles and apparel, cereals and vehicles between SADC countries that have signed bilateral trade agreements between themselves and implemented the SADC TP which led to the adoption of a SADC Free Trade Area in 2008. Analysis focused on sensitive products because preferential bilateral trade agreements seem to be more generous (offer better concessions) on these products as compared to commitments member states undertook at the wider regional level under the SADC TP. Trade creation on wheat and sugar products dominates trade diversion even though the percentage increase in trade in these products is small. Moreover, there is no conclusive evidence that bilateral trade agreements increased bilateral trade flows beyond the market access opportunities provided by the SADC TP except only for textile products from Malawi into South Africa. SADC countries need to do more to implement commitments in their bilateral trade agreements to realise the real market access benefits of trade liberalisation. 

  • Year 2009
  • Organisation Commonwealth Secretariat ‘Hub & Spokes’ Project
  • Publication Author(s) James Maringwa
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Published in SADC Trade Development
Sunday, 02 November 2008

Organic Produce

  • Year 2008
  • Organisation SADC Trade Project
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Sunday, 02 November 2008

Leather

  • Year 2008
  • Organisation SADC Trade Project
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Sunday, 02 November 2008

Honey

  • Year 2008
  • Organisation SADC Trade Project
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Sunday, 02 November 2008

Furniture

  • Year 2008
  • Organisation SADC Trade Project
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Sunday, 02 November 2008

Fibre

  • Year 2008
  • Organisation SADC Trade Project
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Sunday, 02 November 2008

Essential Oils

  • Year 2008
  • Organisation SADC Trade Project
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Friday, 02 November 2007

Vegetables

  • Year 2007
  • Organisation SADC Trade Project
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Friday, 02 November 2007

Spices

  • Year 2007
  • Organisation SADC Trade Project
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Friday, 02 November 2007

Soybeans

  • Year 2007
  • Organisation SADC Trade Project
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Friday, 02 November 2007

Fruit

  • Year 2007
  • Organisation SADC Trade Project
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Friday, 02 November 2007

Capsicum

  • Year 2007
  • Organisation SADC Trade Project
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Friday, 02 November 2007

Cassava

  • Year 2007
  • Organisation SADC Trade Project
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Friday, 02 November 2007

Almonds

  • Year 2007
  • Organisation SADC Trade Project
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Wednesday, 02 May 2007

Wood and wood products

  • Year 2007
  • Organisation SADC Trade Project
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Thursday, 02 November 2006

Cut Flowers

  • Year 2006
  • Organisation SADC Trade Project
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)