Trade and Industry

Session 1: Changes in the South African Industry 

  • Year 2016
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Dr Neva Makgetla
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Thursday, 23 June 2016

Analysis of investment in mining

Session 1: Changes in the South African Industry

  • Year 2016
  • Publication Author(s) Keith Lockwood
  • Countries and Regions South Africa

Session 1: Changes in the South African Industry

  • Year 2016
  • Organisation Centre for Economic Development and Transformation
  • Publication Author(s) Duma Gqubule

Session 2: Mining in Support of Industrial Development 

  • Year 2016
  • Publication Author(s) Dr Paul Jourdan
  • Countries and Regions South Africa

Session 2: Mining in Support of Industrial Development

  • Year 2016
  • Organisation Berakah Value International
  • Publication Author(s) Thulani DS Madinginye
  • Countries and Regions South Africa

Session 3: Financial Flows

  • Year 2016
  • Organisation Oxford University
  • Publication Author(s) Nelson Oppong
  • Countries and Regions Ghana

Sesion 3: Financial Flows

  • Year 2016
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Asanda Fotoyi
  • Countries and Regions South Africa

Session 4 SustainableGrowth

 

  • Year 2016
  • Organisation Rhodes University
  • Publication Author(s) David Fryer and Serge Hadisi
  • Countries and Regions South Africa

Session 4: Sustainable Growth 

  • Year 2016
  • Organisation WWF; TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Ellen Davies; Georgina Ryan; Gaylor Montmasson-Clair; Manisha Gulati
  • Countries and Regions South Africa

Session 4: Sustainable Growth

  • Year 2016
  • Organisation UNU-MERIT
  • Publication Author(s) Dr Michiko Iizuka; Fernando Vargas; Jakob Baumann
  • Countries and Regions Latin America

Session 5: Mining and Economic Growth

  • Year 2016
  • Organisation University of KwaZulu-Natal
  • Publication Author(s) Dr Olwaumi D Awolusi
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)

Session 5: Mining and Economic Growth

  • Year 2016
  • Organisation Central Bank of Lesotho
  • Publication Author(s) Senei Molapo; Moeti Damane
  • Countries and Regions Lesotho

Session 6: Industrial Development

  • Year 2016
  • Organisation Akinseye Olowu; Edwin Ijeoma; Rachel Masu
  • Publication Author(s) Joseph Ayo Babalola University
  • Countries and Regions Africa

Session 6: Industrial Development

  • Organisation UNECA
  • Publication Author(s) Paul Msoma
  • Countries and Regions Africa

Session 7: Mining Communities and Migrancy

  • Year 2016
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Dr Tacy Ledger
  • Countries and Regions South Africa

Session 7: Mining Communities and Migrancy

  • Year 2016
  • Organisation Department of Planning Monitoring and Evaluation
  • Publication Author(s) Mpho Ndaba
  • Countries and Regions South Africa

Session 8: Minerals Beneficiation 

  • Year 2016
  • Organisation ZEPARU
  • Publication Author(s) Cornelius Dube
  • Countries and Regions Zimbabwe

Session 9: Energy Utilisation

  • Year 2016
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Gaylor Montmsson-Clair
  • Countries and Regions South Africa

Session 9: Energy Utilisation

  • Year 2016
  • Organisation Energy Research Centre
  • Publication Author(s) Jesse Burton; Tara Caetano; Alison Hughes; Bruno Merven; Fadiel Ahjum; Bryce McCall
  • Countries and Regions South Africa

The roots of the industrial conflict in the North West province platinum mining belt in 2012 that led to the Marikana massacre cannot be found in the normal narrative of low wages and circular migrant labour entrenched under apartheid. Although South African miners earned far less than their equals in industrialised economies, their median wage was around twice as high as in other sectors in South Africa. Moreover, the miners’ migration to the North West platinum mines in the past decade differed significantly from the historic oscillating migrancy enforced by apartheid legislation before 1994. 

This paper assesses the factors behind the prolonged strikes in 2012 and 2014. It finds that the key issues were:

  • The failure to provide human settlements to accommodate the influx of miners as the mines expanded rapidly during the commodity boom,
  • The levelling out of pay increases when the commodity boom came to an end in 2011, combined with profound inequalities in work organisation and remuneration which meant the miners did not believe the mines faced a squeeze, and
  • The failure systematically to re-organise supervisory practices and work organisation in mining to deal with the oppression, poor communications and unjustified inequalities entrenched under apartheid.

To a large extent, the experience of the platinum belt paralleled challenges faced worldwide, as the surge in metals prices that lasted from the early 2000s through 2011 led to rapid growth in many mines in relatively remote rural areas. In the North West however, responses to these challenges by employers, workers, communities and the state built on practices and perceptions developed as part of the colonial and apartheid migrant labour system that historically centred largely on mining. Taken together, these responses failed to create living and working environments able to support either sustainable growth in platinum mining or secure, decent work and vibrant communities. 

  • Year 2016
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Neva Makgetla; Saul Levin
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
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