Trade and Industry

Trade and Industry (194)

Industrial policy forms the core of TIPS’s work. In this context, TIPS supports the Department of Trade and Industry (the dti), the Departmenet of Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation (DPME), the Department of Science and Technology (DST) and several other departments and stakeholders with targeted studies to support policy development for industrial and trade policy as well as manufacturing growth.

TIPS undertakes research, among others, into national and regional sectors, value chains and clusters; the impact of state and private institutions on manufacturing  growth and diversification; the barriers to entry to small and medium enterprise in manufacturing; the extent and nature of innovation; and the impact of manufacturing on broader economic growth and development, income distribution and job creation.

Trade research has also been an important research area of TIPS since its establishment.  TIPS has looked at many different aspects of international trade, including country studies, trade policy, export development and the relationship between trade and industrial policy. 

See past projects

  • Year 2009
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Renato Johnsson Núñez
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
This paper proposes that non-temporary circular migration creates and sustains 'circular migration flows', which are the outcome of the continuous interaction between sending and receiving countries that is created and sustained by migration and by transnational networks. Circular migration generates both pecuniary and non-pecuniary flows which are conducive to enterprise…
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  • Year 2009
  • Organisation TIPS, BIDPA; Trade and Pro-Poor Growth Thematic Working Group
  • Publication Author(s) Roman Grynberg;Maseddi Motswapong
  • Countries and Regions South Africa, Southern Africa Customs Union (SACU), Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Maize is the most important staple cereal product consumed in the Southern African region. The purpose of this paper is to examine the origins of the global 2007/8 food price crisis and the impact this had on the trade in maize within the SACU customs union as well as to…

  • Year 2009
  • Organisation Trade and Pro-Poor Growth Thematic Working Group; TIPS, BIDPA
  • Publication Author(s) Evengelista Mudzonga
  • Countries and Regions Zimbabwe
The paper has attempted to contribute to a key issue in the current debate on economic development: the link between trade and poverty. The paper focused on the impact of imported chickens on Zimbabwe's poultry industry. The general aim of the study was to find the impact of imported chicken…
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  • Year 2009
  • Organisation Services Sector Development Thematic Working Group; TIPS, BIDPA and UoM
  • Publication Author(s) Mengesha Yayo Negasi
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Empirical studies on regional economic integration process in Africa exhibit sluggish progress and there by limited level of intra trade. The existing literatures in Africa, particularly in Southern African regional integration bloc, SADC have neglected effects of regional economic integration dealing with disaggregated data. This study analyzes trade creation and…

  • Year 2009
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) M. Nyambe, J. , Walubita, B. and du Plessis, C
  • Countries and Regions Namibia
In the era of globalisation, there is widespread recognition that knowledge-based industries have become a significant contributor to economic growth and development. To be internationally competitive in a global economy requires the creation of distinctive assets such as knowledge, skills, innovation and creativity. Knowledge has become an internationally recognized factor…

  • Year 2009
  • Organisation Services Sector Development Thematic Working Group; TIPS, BIDPA and UoM
  • Publication Author(s) Verena, T. , Vishal, R. and Ken, P.
  • Countries and Regions Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (Comesa)
The services sector is increasingly seen as a means to promote economic development and reduce poverty. It is becoming the largest sector, in terms of share of GDP and employment, in most developing countries. The services sector is highly diverse, ranging, from infrastructure services such as telecommunications, construction, transportation, financial…

  • Year 2009
  • Organisation Services Sector Development Thematic Working Group; TIPS, BIDPA and UoM
  • Publication Author(s) Johnson Tsoro Maiketso
  • Countries and Regions Botswana
Trade in services generally is viewed as a potentially viable option to contribute to the much needed economic diversification in Botswana. This study is informed by the ongoing policy discussions about the need to develop an educational hub in Botswana. It is intended to be a constructive contribution to these…

  • Year 2009
  • Organisation Services Sector Development Thematic Working Group; TIPS, BIDPA and UoM
  • Publication Author(s) Manisha Dookhony;Lillka Cuttaree
  • Countries and Regions Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (Comesa), Southern African Development Community (SADC)
This study focuses is on the movement of talent. There is already free movement of labour within the European Union and the CARICOM region, SADC aims to achieve this by 2015. We examine the Caribbean region where the Caricom regional initiative provided the enabling environment for intraregional migration to take…

  • Year 2009
  • Organisation Services Sector Development Thematic Working Group; TIPS, BIDPA and UoM
  • Publication Author(s) Kara Mackay
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
In the era of globalisation, there is widespread recognition that knowledge-based industries have become a significant contributor to economic growth and development. To be internationally competitive in a global economy requires the creation of distinctive assets such as knowledge, skills, innovation and creativity. Knowledge has become an internationally recognized factor…

  • Year 2009
  • Organisation Services Sector Development Thematic Working Group; TIPS, BIDPA and UoM
  • Publication Author(s) Pooloo Zainah
  • Countries and Regions Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (Comesa)
This paper employs a reduced form Solow Growth framework to investigate the role of public investment on infrastructure on economic performance for the case of Mauritius over the period 1970-2006. Given the non-stationary characteristics of the data, an error correction model is adopted. Public capital is shown to have significantly…

  • Year 2009
  • Organisation Services Sector Development Thematic Working Group; TIPS, BIDPA and UoM
  • Publication Author(s) Albert Makochekanwa
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Given that the Southern African Development Community's (SADC) intention is to become a common market (CM) whereby labour and capital will be envisioned to freely move among the bloc's member states, the study investigates the extent to which the region is prepared for free movement of natural persons. The study…

  • Year 2009
  • Organisation Services Sector Development Thematic Working Group; TIPS, BIDPA and UoM
  • Publication Author(s) Kwaramba Marko
  • Countries and Regions South Africa, Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Through the analysis of trends in South Africa's higher education enrollment of Southern African Development Community (SADC) citizens over the years, the study investigates the extent to which the country has strategically marketed its educational services and positioned itself as the educational hub of Southern Africa. The analysis reveals that…

  • Year 2009
  • Organisation Services Sector Development Thematic Working Group; TIPS, BIDPA and UoM
  • Publication Author(s) Charles Augustine Abuka and Kenneth Alpha Egesa
This study reviews the reforms undertaken in the financial sector with respect to regulation and access widening polices. The developments at the macro and micro level of the banking system are also assessed. Empirical analysis of the effects of financial liberalisation on growth by augmenting an aggregate production function with…

  • Year 2009
  • Organisation Trade and Pro-Poor Growth Thematic Working Group
  • Publication Author(s) Thomas Funke
  • Countries and Regions Southern Africa Customs Union (SACU)
A number of research organisations around the world have recently attempted to capture and explain the impacts that biofuel policies have on agricultural commodity markets. Previously, food price inflation has gone along with the general inflation trend but this has changed. On the supply side the international market has experienced…
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  • Year 2009
  • Organisation Services Sector Development Thematic Working Group; TIPS, BIDPA and UoM
  • Publication Author(s) Yusuf Atiku Abdalla;Jimmy Apaa-Okello
  • Countries and Regions Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (Comesa)
Significant reforms of the services sector have been conducted in Uganda since 1987, motivated, in part, by the common notion that efficiency in the provision of services can deliver productivity growth in all sectors of the economy, which in turn stimulates overall economic growth and development. Given that the demand…

  • Year 2009
  • Organisation Trade and Pro-Poor Growth Thematic Working Group; TIPS, BIDPA
  • Publication Author(s) Rojid Sawkut;Tandrayen Verena;Seetanah Boopen;Sunnassee Vinesh
  • Countries and Regions Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (Comesa), European Union (EU)
With the EU sugar reforms, the overall economic weight of the sugar sector has fallen. The sugar sector's contribution to GDP is now comparatively small, around 1.9% of GDP in 2008. In this context, the Mauritian government and the private sector defined the Multi-Annual Adaptation Strategy (MAAS) to restructure and…
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  • Year 2009
  • Organisation Trade and Pro-Poor Growth Thematic Working Group; TIPS, BIDPA
  • Publication Author(s) Jacob M. Nyambe;Taimi Amunkete
  • Countries and Regions Namibia
This project was designed to explore small-scale mining activities in Erongo Region of Namibia. The main objective was to explore possible contributions of small-scale mining to poverty alleviation in Namibia. The study seeks to achieve three specific objectives, namely activities of small-scale mining, the role of small-scale mining with regard…

  • Year 2009
  • Organisation Trade and Pro-Poor Growth Thematic Working Group; TIPS, BIDPA
  • Publication Author(s) Erwin Naimhwaka
  • Countries and Regions East African Community (EAC), Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Tourism is increasing becoming an important phenomena for developing countries and as such it affects the livelihood of many poor people. According to Yunis (2004), tourism is growing much faster in developing countries than in developed countries. However, its potential for poverty reduction has been insufficiently recognized and exploited in…

  • Year 2009
  • Organisation Trade and Pro-Poor Growth Thematic Working Group; TIPS, BIDPA
  • Publication Author(s) Davis Marumo;Milly Monkhei
  • Countries and Regions Botswana, European Union (EU)
About 70-75 percent of Botswana beef exports are consumed in the European Union (EU) beef market. In 1997, the EU introduced a directive which made it mandatory for beef exported to the EU to be identifiable and traceable from farm to fork through a computerized system. Botswana then introduced the…

  • Year 2009
  • Publication Author(s) Mmatlou Kalaba
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
The focus of this article is on The SADC Trade Protocol aims for liberalization of all trade by 2012. Member countries have agreed to liberalize 85 percent of intra-SADC trade by 2008 and liberalize sensitive products by 2012. The article looks at whether SADC achieved its objectives with relation to liberalization and also tackles…
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  • Year 2009
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Dale Mudenda
  • Countries and Regions Zambia
The Zambian economy has undergone profound reforms in the last two decades. It has transited to a market economy from the previously centrally planned economy. As part of the economy-wide reforms, the country's industrial and trade policies have also been re-oriented to suit the needs of the market-oriented economy. This…

  • Year 2009
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Lawrence Mapemba
  • Countries and Regions Malawi
The paper focuses on the conduct of trade and industrial policies in Malawi, their linkages and impacts on the performance of the trade and industry sectors. The study establishes that Malawi has gone through three stages of trade and industrial policy. From focusing on the production and trade of a…

  • Year 2009
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Evengelista Mudzonga
  • Countries and Regions Zimbabwe
This paper looks at the nature and extent of linkages between trade and industrial policies in Zimbabwe. The paper establishes that the trade and industrial policies are interlinked in Zimbabwe. The study indicates that trade policy is one of the implementation strategies of the industrial policy - further illustrated in…

  • Year 2009
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Farai Zizhou
  • Countries and Regions Botswana
This paper aims to establish the links between the industrial policy and the trade policy in Botswana. The paper finds that after gaining independence the Botswana government has deliberately targeted industrialisation as a strategy to overcome the high concentration of economic activities and welfare of the country centred on diamonds. The…
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  • Year 2009
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Viktor Tokman
  • Countries and Regions Mercosur (Common Market of the South)
This paper deals with informality and its transition to modernity. The transit to formalization will enable those working in the informal economy to improve their chances of being included, become less vulnerable, and ensure a better performance of their activities. But this also requires recognition of the fact that formality…
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  • Year 2009
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Daniel Poon
This paper argues that perspectives characterizing the trajectory of China's economic reforms as “reversing course” are misleading by not recognizing the current stage of Chinese industrial development and the policy initiatives adopted to steer the country towards widely-stated national objectives. As such, the paper aims to contribute to the growing…

  • Year 2009
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Mmatlou Kalaba
The heads of states of the Common Markets for East and Southern Africa (COMESA), the East Africa Community (EAC) and the Southern African Development Community (SADC) met in Uganda in October 2008 to discuss broader objectives of the three regional trading blocs. This was later referred to as the Tripartite…
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  • Year 2009
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Ermie Steenkamp;Riaan Rossouw;Wilma Viviers;Ludo Cuyvers
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Market selection methods, of which a vast number exist, are a critical tool in firms' and government's policy, planning and budgeting processes. To this end, the primary aim of this paper is to determine the international market selection method best-suited to the identification of potential export opportunities for South Africa. The…
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  • Year 2009
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Daniel Poon
This paper highlights ten key features of the Developmental State (DS) growth model by contrasting trends in economic indicators and institutions between China (and East Asia more generally) and South Africa. In light of the recent (and perhaps politically opportunistic) adoption of DS language into the South African policy discourse,…

  • Year 2008
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
TIPS was commissioned by FABCOS (The Foundation for African Business and Consumer Services) to undertake a study on the impact of fuel and food price increases on small business. As FABCOS has a large constituency of informal or previously informal businesses, a strong emphasis was placed on the impacts for…
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