Trade and Industry

Trade and Industry (193)

Industrial policy forms the core of TIPS’s work. In this context, TIPS supports the Department of Trade and Industry (the dti), the Departmenet of Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation (DPME), the Department of Science and Technology (DST) and several other departments and stakeholders with targeted studies to support policy development for industrial and trade policy as well as manufacturing growth.

TIPS undertakes research, among others, into national and regional sectors, value chains and clusters; the impact of state and private institutions on manufacturing  growth and diversification; the barriers to entry to small and medium enterprise in manufacturing; the extent and nature of innovation; and the impact of manufacturing on broader economic growth and development, income distribution and job creation.

Trade research has also been an important research area of TIPS since its establishment.  TIPS has looked at many different aspects of international trade, including country studies, trade policy, export development and the relationship between trade and industrial policy. 

See past projects

  • Year 2003
  • Organisation School of Geography, Archaeology and Environmental Studies University of the Witwatersrand
  • Publication Author(s) Charles Mather
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This paper discusses changes in the regulation of citrus exports from South Africa. It traces the changes from state regulation of the citrus chain to very recent forms of private regulation in the context of highly competitive global markets. The paper argues that while these forms of private regulation are…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Kevin Nell
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This paper investigates South Africa's saving-investment behaviour between 1962 and 2001. The results show that due to the unlimited nature of net capital inflows (foreign debt) from 1962 to 1976, saving and investment were not bound by a long-run solvency constraint and thus unrelated in the long run. By contrast,…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Xavier Carim
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The overriding objectives of the Nepad programme are economic growth and sustainable development. If it is accepted that trade contributes positively to these objectives, the next question that arises is how to improve African countries' export performance. The ability to improve export performance requires a broader discussion of trade, industrial…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Kathy Gibson
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
In economics, the effects of tariff protection and tariff reform remain a contentious, fervently debated issue.1 In South Africa, decades of high tariff protection, of which domestic manufacturing sectors primarily benefited, are being followed by a period of substantial tariff reform. To this end, endorsement by the South African government…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Ron Sandrey
  • Countries and Regions South Africa, Southern African Development Community (SADC)
As international tariffs are being reduced increased attention is being given to the role of non-tariff measures in impeding trade flows. The working definition of NTMs used in this report is 'government measures other than tariffs that restrict trade flows'. This covers a range of measures from health and safety…
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  • Year 2003
  • Publication Author(s) David Evans
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC), Zambia
The first section sketches the well-known argument that there is a potential clash between trade policy reform, employment creation and poverty alleviation in the context of economic integration in Southern Africa. The argument is developed in the wider context of the endowments and accumulation of key resources in Sub Saharan…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Carol Molate; Dirk Ernst van Seventer
  • Countries and Regions Brazil, South Africa
In this short report we examine South African trade with Brazil for decade up to 2001. First we look at the absolute values, trends, patterns at the aggregate level and somehow disaggregated level of 22 commodities clusters. The aim of this section is to provide a first round analysis of…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) TIPS
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
South Africa has experienced significant liberalisation during the 1990s on the political as well as economic front. Starting with the first democratic elections in 1994, the economy has undergone liberalisation of internal and external financial markets, labour markets and trade regime. Major changes have also taken place in terms of…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation The Edge Institute
  • Publication Author(s) Ethel Teljeur
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The Edge Institute  Intellectual property rights (IPRs) are at the centre of several current policy debates, both nationally and internationally, ranging from music piracy and geographical indications in wine labelling to generic alternatives for patented pharmaceuticals. In order to engage in these debates, a thorough understanding of the pros and…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation SATRN
  • Publication Author(s) James Hodge
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Telecommunications services are an important focus for most industrial countries in the current round of trade talks in services. Initial negotiating positions and country requests by these industrial countries all call for full liberalisation of the sector. SADC countries have already embarked on reform in telecommunications but few have made…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation SATRN
  • Publication Author(s) Magdeline Gabaraane
  • Countries and Regions Botswana
Botswana's financial sector is relatively small, reflecting the small size of the market and perhaps the thorough approach to licensing and supervision.  The size of the sector in relation to the economy (as measured by the ratio of broad money to non-mining GDP) declined in the first half of the…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation SATRN
  • Publication Author(s) Monnane Monnane
  • Countries and Regions Botswana
The Botswana telecommunications sector is made of four major stakeholders. The Botswana Telecommunications Authority (BTA) is the sectors' regulator. The Botswana Telecommunications Corporation (BTC), a government owned company, provides fixed lines. Two private companies, Mascom Wireless and Vista Cellular provide mobile services. Very little research on the telecommunication sector in…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation SATRN
  • Publication Author(s) James Hodge
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Negotiations on the liberalisation of telecommunications form an important part of service negotiations in the Doha Round. The negotiations cover all aspects of the telecoms sector, including fixed line public networks, mobile networks and the full range of value-added network services (VANS) such as Internet and virtual private networks. Liberalisation…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) TIPS
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This report attempts to provide an overview of South Africa's industrial landscape during the 1990s, focusing on growth and sectoral shares in value-added at a detailed 46-sector level. Use is made of the TIPS South African Standardised Industry Database, which offers long-term trends spanning 1970 to the present for 46…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) James Hodge
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Telecommunications services are an important focus for most industrial countries in the current round of trade talks in services. Initial negotiating positions and country requests by these industrial countries all call for full liberalisation of the sector. James Hodge reports that SADC countries have already embarked on reform in telecommunications…
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  • Year 2003
  • Publication Author(s) Kennedy Mbekeani
  • Countries and Regions Mercosur (Common Market of the South)
The Cancun Ministerial Conference ended on 14 September after Chairperson Luis Ernesto Derbez concluded that members remained entrenched on the "Singapore" issues. Shortly before 18:00 Cancun time, Mexican Trade Minister Luis Ernesto Derbez formally closed the Fifth Session of the WTO Ministerial Conference, without agreement on a Ministerial Text. The…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation SATRN
  • Publication Author(s) Gape Kaboyakgosi
  • Countries and Regions Botswana
In this report we make an assessment of the transport sector in Botswana by analyzing policy and performance in the air and road transport sectors. The study had several other objectives among which was to identify reform needs for the two sectors, facilitate ease of comparison among SADC countries and…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation SATRN
  • Publication Author(s) Felix Maonera
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
The international commodity market is increasingly characterized by a fall in the relative value of products mainly due to increased competition. Because of the competitive pressures in the global market place, it is not surprising that exporters from economies that rely relatively more for their well being on the export…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Faizel Ismail
  • Countries and Regions European Union (EU)
This paper will begin by outlining the policy framework that informs EU trade policies and will set out a development perspective that informs the evaluation of EU trade policies. The paper then discusses the issue of adjustment in the EU and evaluates the EU track record in key industries of…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Ximena Gonzalez-Nunez
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
The SADC Free Trade Agreement (FTA) came into effect recently. Periodic examination of intra-SADC trade flows is an important element of monitoring the impact of the FTA.
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) TIPS
  • Countries and Regions European Union (EU), South Africa
Of concern to domestic policy makers is that trade between Finland and South Africa is very much biased in favour of the former country. Set against this backdrop, Trade and Investment South Africa (TISA) of the South African Department of Trade and Industry (DTI), together with the Finnish Embassy in…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Carol Molate and Dirk van Seventer
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The Trade Performance Index (TPI) is a tool developed by the International Trade Centre (ITC) for assessing and monitoring the multi-faceted dimensions of export performance and competitiveness of countries and their principal export sectors. At present, the TPI covers 184 countries and 14 different sectors. It reveals how competitive and…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) TIPS
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This report attempts to provide an overview of South Africa's industrial landscape during the 1990s, with specific emphasis on growth and sectoral shares in exports at a detailed 46-sector level. If one of the objective of the policies adopted during the middle of the 1990s was to bring about a…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) TIPS
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
In spite of the trade liberalisation efforts that have characterised the 1990s, it is apparent that imports by the manufacturing sector have remained more or less constant in real terms, whereas imports by agricultural industries have witnessed a decline in imports. Declining imports of business services have also been manifest…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Donald Onyango
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Only a handful of sectors have shown an increase in their demand for labour, amongst others, Leather Products, Plastic Products, Wood and Wood Products, Wholesale and Retail Trade, Printing and Publishing, Medical Services, Basic Chemicals and Other Chemicals and Television and Communications Equipment producers (Table 17). In terms of labour…
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  • Year 2003
  • Publication Author(s) Dipak Mazumdar; Dirk van Seventer
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The small and medium enterprise (SME) sector in South Africa has been the focus of attention since the first democratic elections in 1994. Not only does the sector offer the opportunity to enhance entrepreneurship amongst previously disadvantaged communities in South Africa, but it is also seen as one that has…
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  • Year 2003
  • Publication Author(s) Elna Moolman
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Policy makers in the public sector are often faced with requests for financial and other support of investment projects and incentive schemes. Frequently, such requests are accompanied by or require economic impact analyses of some sort. Economic impact assessment of investment projects can be undertaken at various levels. At one…
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  • Year 2002
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Al Berry; Magali von Blottnitz
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY South Africa has, since 1994, been faced with the double challenges of re-integration into global markets as a global economy, while at the same time positioning itself to realise the high expectations of its populace regarding a successful transition towards a more democratic order. To achieve…
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The SADC Free Trade Agreement, which came into being at the beginning of 2000 is up for a mid term review during 2004. The agreement is characterised by complex and restrictive rules of origin. Using references to case studies, Frank Flatters argues that if rules of origin were used simply…
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  • Year 2002
  • Publication Author(s) Gertrude Makhaya
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