Research Archive (746)

  • Year 2012
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Chonzi Mulenga
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC), Zambia
Intra-Industry trade (henceforth IIT) has generally been perceived to be a feature of the industrialized countries. As the past few years have seen a rapid increase in Zambia's trade with its trading partners in the SADC, trade statistics reveal that a substantial part of such intra-SADC trade is in fact…

  • Year 2012
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Andre Botha
  • Countries and Regions European Union (EU), South Africa
This research aims to model tourism demand for South Africa from the UK and the USA by using an almost ideal demand system. An error correction almost ideal demand system (EC-AIDS) is used to quantify the responsiveness of UK and USA tourism demand to South Africa relative to changes in…

  • Year 2012
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Gaylor Montmasson-Clair
In 2012, South Africa remains faced with the triple developmental challenge of unemployment, poverty and inequality. In addition, the country's current economic growth model is heavily resource and energy-intensive, aggravating pressures on the environment and the threat of climate change. The transition to a green economy, stemming from the concept…

  • Year 2012
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Gaylor Montmasson-Clair
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
This paper investigates the potential to harness trade finance to foster the development of a green economy in developing countries. The world is facing multiple crises of sustainability: global financial crisis, climate change, and the overuse of natural resources. Many developing countries are additionally destabilized by poverty, disease, corruption, and…

  • Year 2012
  • Publication Author(s) Kate Phillip
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
In the face of a long-standing unemployment crisis that increasingly threatens social and economic stability, employment has at last taken centre stage in South African policy, and with this, a focus on the structural constraints on employment creation within the economy. The New Growth Path, approved by Cabinet in November…

  • Year 2012
  • Publication Author(s) Fiona Tregenna; Mfanafuthi Tsela
Unemployment and earnings inequality in South Africa have declined in recent years, while the trend in overall income inequality is unclear. Inequality and unemployment both remain at extremely high levels by historical and international standards. There has been a very close relationship between trends in unemployment and earnings inequality in…

  • Year 2012
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Stephen Timm
For South Africa, the promotion of small businesses remains key to creating jobs and a more equitable economy. Evidence from Chile and Malaysia – both countries with similar emerging economies as South Africa – reveals that by partnering to provide finance and business support, the government and the private sector…

  • Year 2012
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Sandy Lowitt
This paper forms part of a broader research project TIPS has been involved in around common regional industrial policies. It provides an overview of key issues in global industrial policy literature. It begins with a brief examination of the link between industrial policy and development and the differences between the…

  • Year 2012
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Sandy Lowitt
This paper forms part of a broader research project TIPS has been involved in around common regional industrial policies. It looks at three examples of regional integration: the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), the European Union and Mercosur. The focus is on understanding the drivers and motivation for regional…

  • Year 2012
  • Organisation TEBA; Lima
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The Community Work Programme (CWP) was implemented as a pilot programme in Bushbuckridge and several other municipalities in 2009. The programme is essentially an employment safety net employing 2 200 people in Bushbuckridge within four sectors of community work, these being food security, palliative care, community infrastructure refurbishment and teacher…

  • Year 2011
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Marlese von Broembsen
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Patrick Sathorar acts as a marketing consultant for a group of 25-30 HIV-positive women in Nyanga, Cape Town. They produce textile and beaded products and Patrick facilitates their participation in the formal market by sourcing and negotiating contracts for them. Patrick’s role comprises the following: first, he meets with a…

  • Year 2011
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Sandy Lowitt
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Improving small, marginalised producers access to modern markets has increasingly been accepted as an important element in South African policy debates on improving the employment, income and livelihood opportunities for such producers. The importance of market access arises because in the absence of such access, these producers are restricted to…

  • Year 2011
  • Organisation Thutong Training and Development
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The findings clearly answer the question of how beneficiaries have been impacted by CWP. The findings show that the beneficiaries are pleased with the quality of services that are provided through the CWP programme such as home based care, cleaning of cre?ches and teachers assistants etc. It becomes evident that…

  • Year 2011
  • Publication Author(s) Megan Cochrane
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Aim: The Community Work Programme (CWP) is an initiative of the State President's office which is designed to create an employment safety net in rural areas. The aim of this investigation is to study whether or not the CWP has made a positive impact on the lives of its participants…

  • Year 2011
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Miriam Altman (HSRC) ; Carmel Marock (Singizi Consulting)
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Youth unemployment is extremely high in South Africa, approximately double the national rate. While this is not uncommon internationally, it poses a special problem in South Africa where at least half of young school leavers are unlikely to find work before the age of 24. In many other countries, the…
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  • Year 2011
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Jeffrey Mashiane
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
We look at how trade liberalisation, working through product prices, has affected the skill premium in South Africa over the period 1990-2009. Our main finding is that trade liberalisation led to a reduction in prices over this period, and, through prices, mandated a rise in the skill premium of 3.3%.…
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  • Year 2011
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Ebrahim-Khalil Hassen
The promise of asset-based approaches to poverty, as well as its limitations can be summarised with reference to the popular idiom: “teach a person to fish, rather than giving him a fish”. If the idiom were a development programme or project, it would aim to undertake two interventions (i.e. 1.…

  • Year 2011
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) William S. Mbuta
The absence of growth in intra-SADC trade in industrial products since the tariff phase-downs were initiated prompted by the ratification of the SADC Protocol on Trade in 2000 continues to generate interest amongst policymakers and other stakeholders as it appears that removal of market access constraint alone is not a…

  • Year 2011
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) B Seetanah; K Padachi; R Juwaheer; R V Sannassee; M Lamport; U Subadur; J Matadeen
This paper models tourist arrivals into Mauritius from various parts of the world with a view to understand the contribution of different determinants in explaining the success of the island as an international tourism destination. A dual methodological approach was adopted namely panel date and survey frameworks. Results from the…

  • Year 2011
  • Publication Author(s) tralac
  • Countries and Regions Southern Africa Customs Union (SACU), Southern African Development Community (SADC)
For many of the African states, negotiations to liberalise trade in services is a relatively new phenomenon. For the Southern African Customs Union (SACU) member states, the only experience acquired on this subject was during multilateral negotiations in the context of the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS). Now…

  • Year 2011
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Countries and Regions Southern Africa Customs Union (SACU), Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Evidence based policy making is critical for developing sound and relevant government policies. The process of evidence based policy making by definition allows one to monitor specific variables to determine the efficacy of a government intervention. Accurate data and sound data analysis are needed to achieve particular objectives. In the…

  • Year 2011
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Hossany Jashveer; Seetanah Boopen; Padachi Kesseven; Sannassee Raja Vinesh
  • Countries and Regions Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (Comesa), South Africa
This research attempts to assess the attitudes of residents towards the perceived tourism impacts on their lives and communities in selected tourism coastal villages in Mauritius. A survey was used to examine residents' attitudes toward tourism development. The survey results show that tourism is a major pillar of the economy.…

  • Year 2011
  • Organisation TIPS
This note highlights the pattern of South Africa, European Union and Asia trade over the period 1990-2009. The note pays particular attention to trade flow changes between South Africa and the EU and compares these to the changes in the trade flows between South Africa and Asia. The note also…

  • Year 2011
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Kate Philip
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
In the face of a long-standing unemployment crisis that increasingly threatens social and economic stability, employment has at last taken centre stage in South African policy, and with this, focus is shifting to the structural constraints on employment creation within the economy. The New Growth Path, approved by Cabinet in…

  • Year 2011
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Roman Grynberg
The purpose of this paper is two-fold. First it is to review Botswana's competitiveness policy in the 10th National Development Plan, (NDP10 -2009-2016), National Export Strategy (2010-2016) and what are its conceptual foundations in the works of Michael Porter (1990). This will help explain the direction of trade and development…

  • Year 2011
  • Organisation Energy Research Center, UCT; MAPS
  • Publication Author(s) Peet du Plooy; Meagan Jooste
Climate and trade issues lie at the intersection of two of the world's most contested, delayed and important multilateral negotiations. Climate change under the auspices of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and international trade as regulated by the World Trade Organization (WTO). This paper is a…

  • Year 2011
  • Organisation PLAAS
  • Publication Author(s) Michael Aliber
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This case study provides a comparative analysis of two different initiatives designed to promote the smallholder sector in metropolitan Cape Town. The City of Cape Town has developed an urban agriculture policy and initiated a joint venture between itself, the Provincial Department of Agriculture and private sector partners to put…

  • Year 2011
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Kate Philip
  • Countries and Regions India, South Africa
What if unemployed people in South Africa had a right – a real right – to a minimum level of regular work on decent terms? In 2005, India passed a law guaranteeing rural households up to 100 days of work per annum, at minimum wage rates. Over 55 million households…

  • Year 2011
  • Organisation IDC; BSA; TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Jorge Maia; Thierry Giordano
Joint report from Industrial Development Corporation, Development Bank of Southern Africa and TIPS In its recent green economy study, UNEP9 concluded that environmental sustainability and economic progress are not opposing forces and that significant benefits will flow from the greening of the world's economies. Greening generates increases in wealth, measured…

  • Year 2011
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Stephen Timm
In its efforts to craft a new economic growth path and assist small businesses, South Africa could do well to look to emerging economies such as Brazil and India, which have attracted much attention in their recent efforts to create greater and more equitable economic growth. The aim of this…
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