Research Archive (720)

  • Year 2009
  • Organisation Services Sector Development Thematic Working Group; TIPS, BIDPA and UoM
  • Publication Author(s) Kwaramba Marko
  • Countries and Regions South Africa, Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Through the analysis of trends in South Africa's higher education enrollment of Southern African Development Community (SADC) citizens over the years, the study investigates the extent to which the country has strategically marketed its educational services and positioned itself as the educational hub of Southern Africa. The analysis reveals that…

  • Year 2009
  • Organisation Services Sector Development Thematic Working Group; TIPS, BIDPA and UoM
  • Publication Author(s) Charles Augustine Abuka and Kenneth Alpha Egesa
This study reviews the reforms undertaken in the financial sector with respect to regulation and access widening polices. The developments at the macro and micro level of the banking system are also assessed. Empirical analysis of the effects of financial liberalisation on growth by augmenting an aggregate production function with…

  • Year 2009
  • Organisation Trade and Pro-Poor Growth Thematic Working Group
  • Publication Author(s) Thomas Funke
  • Countries and Regions Southern Africa Customs Union (SACU)
A number of research organisations around the world have recently attempted to capture and explain the impacts that biofuel policies have on agricultural commodity markets. Previously, food price inflation has gone along with the general inflation trend but this has changed. On the supply side the international market has experienced…
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  • Year 2009
  • Organisation Services Sector Development Thematic Working Group; TIPS, BIDPA and UoM
  • Publication Author(s) Yusuf Atiku Abdalla;Jimmy Apaa-Okello
  • Countries and Regions Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (Comesa)
Significant reforms of the services sector have been conducted in Uganda since 1987, motivated, in part, by the common notion that efficiency in the provision of services can deliver productivity growth in all sectors of the economy, which in turn stimulates overall economic growth and development. Given that the demand…

  • Year 2009
  • Organisation Trade and Pro-Poor Growth Thematic Working Group; TIPS, BIDPA
  • Publication Author(s) Rojid Sawkut;Tandrayen Verena;Seetanah Boopen;Sunnassee Vinesh
  • Countries and Regions Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (Comesa), European Union (EU)
With the EU sugar reforms, the overall economic weight of the sugar sector has fallen. The sugar sector's contribution to GDP is now comparatively small, around 1.9% of GDP in 2008. In this context, the Mauritian government and the private sector defined the Multi-Annual Adaptation Strategy (MAAS) to restructure and…
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  • Year 2009
  • Organisation Trade and Pro-Poor Growth Thematic Working Group; TIPS, BIDPA
  • Publication Author(s) Jacob M. Nyambe;Taimi Amunkete
  • Countries and Regions Namibia
This project was designed to explore small-scale mining activities in Erongo Region of Namibia. The main objective was to explore possible contributions of small-scale mining to poverty alleviation in Namibia. The study seeks to achieve three specific objectives, namely activities of small-scale mining, the role of small-scale mining with regard…

  • Year 2009
  • Organisation Trade and Pro-Poor Growth Thematic Working Group; TIPS, BIDPA
  • Publication Author(s) Erwin Naimhwaka
  • Countries and Regions East African Community (EAC), Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Tourism is increasing becoming an important phenomena for developing countries and as such it affects the livelihood of many poor people. According to Yunis (2004), tourism is growing much faster in developing countries than in developed countries. However, its potential for poverty reduction has been insufficiently recognized and exploited in…

  • Year 2009
  • Organisation Trade and Pro-Poor Growth Thematic Working Group; TIPS, BIDPA
  • Publication Author(s) Davis Marumo;Milly Monkhei
  • Countries and Regions Botswana, European Union (EU)
About 70-75 percent of Botswana beef exports are consumed in the European Union (EU) beef market. In 1997, the EU introduced a directive which made it mandatory for beef exported to the EU to be identifiable and traceable from farm to fork through a computerized system. Botswana then introduced the…

  • Year 2008
  • Organisation NB Ideas In association with Indego Consulting and Strategies for Change
  • Publication Author(s) TIPS
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Unemployment is one of the biggest challenges facing South Africa. Growth has been inadequate, the skills level requirement of new jobs is continually rising, current skills among the workforce are low and inadequate numbers of low end, unskilled jobs are being created. Finding mechanisms to address this challenge is a…

  • Year 2008
  • Organisation Urban LandMark
  • Publication Author(s) Monty Narsoo
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
In discussing the relationship between governance and inclusivity this paper’s central argument is that unless there is an ability to build a responsive government at all spheres than there is no connection between the two. The ability of the state to respond to the citizenry requires that it can match…
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  • Year 2009
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Haroon Bhorat; Carlene van der Westhuizen; Toughedah Jacobs
South Africa has historically been ranked as one of the most unequal societies in the world, and while the country has experienced sustained positive economic growth since 1994, the impact of this growth on poverty, and particularly inequality, has been disappointing. Analysis using data from the 1995 and 2000 Income…

  • Year 2009
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Kate Philip
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The research and policy proposals from the process of reviewing the performance of existing government programmes targeting the second economy and developing an expanded strategy were presented to a 'Work in Progress' workshop in May 2008 and to a conference entitled 'Second Economy Strategy: Addressing Inequality and Economic Marginalisation', held…

  • Year 2009
  • Publication Author(s) Mmatlou Kalaba
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
The focus of this article is on The SADC Trade Protocol aims for liberalization of all trade by 2012. Member countries have agreed to liberalize 85 percent of intra-SADC trade by 2008 and liberalize sensitive products by 2012. The article looks at whether SADC achieved its objectives with relation to liberalization and also tackles…
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  • Year 2008
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Graham Sherbut
  • Countries and Regions Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (Comesa)
This paper evaluates the trade, business and investment climate currently in place within the island states of the Western Indian Ocean. Operating on the premise that trade-based globalization poses a considerable challenge to island states' economic stability and prospects for equitable development, this report argues that both state institutions and…

  • Year 2009
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Dale Mudenda
  • Countries and Regions Zambia
The Zambian economy has undergone profound reforms in the last two decades. It has transited to a market economy from the previously centrally planned economy. As part of the economy-wide reforms, the country's industrial and trade policies have also been re-oriented to suit the needs of the market-oriented economy. This…

  • Year 2009
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Lawrence Mapemba
  • Countries and Regions Malawi
The paper focuses on the conduct of trade and industrial policies in Malawi, their linkages and impacts on the performance of the trade and industry sectors. The study establishes that Malawi has gone through three stages of trade and industrial policy. From focusing on the production and trade of a…

  • Year 2009
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Evengelista Mudzonga
  • Countries and Regions Zimbabwe
This paper looks at the nature and extent of linkages between trade and industrial policies in Zimbabwe. The paper establishes that the trade and industrial policies are interlinked in Zimbabwe. The study indicates that trade policy is one of the implementation strategies of the industrial policy - further illustrated in…

  • Year 2009
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Farai Zizhou
  • Countries and Regions Botswana
This paper aims to establish the links between the industrial policy and the trade policy in Botswana. The paper finds that after gaining independence the Botswana government has deliberately targeted industrialisation as a strategy to overcome the high concentration of economic activities and welfare of the country centred on diamonds. The…
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  • Year 2009
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Paul Benjamin; Nicole Yazbek
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
According to the International Labour Organisation (ILO) a third of the global workforce is either unemployed or underemployed barely eking out a living through informal work; selfemployment or as wage workers involved in precarious employment. International competitive pressures have led to a restructuring of organizations toward decentralized production networks and…

  • Year 2009
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Viktor Tokman
  • Countries and Regions Mercosur (Common Market of the South)
This paper deals with informality and its transition to modernity. The transit to formalization will enable those working in the informal economy to improve their chances of being included, become less vulnerable, and ensure a better performance of their activities. But this also requires recognition of the fact that formality…
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  • Year 2009
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Daniel Poon
This paper argues that perspectives characterizing the trajectory of China's economic reforms as “reversing course” are misleading by not recognizing the current stage of Chinese industrial development and the policy initiatives adopted to steer the country towards widely-stated national objectives. As such, the paper aims to contribute to the growing…

  • Year 2009
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Mmatlou Kalaba
The heads of states of the Common Markets for East and Southern Africa (COMESA), the East Africa Community (EAC) and the Southern African Development Community (SADC) met in Uganda in October 2008 to discuss broader objectives of the three regional trading blocs. This was later referred to as the Tripartite…
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  • Year 2009
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Ermie Steenkamp;Riaan Rossouw;Wilma Viviers;Ludo Cuyvers
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Market selection methods, of which a vast number exist, are a critical tool in firms' and government's policy, planning and budgeting processes. To this end, the primary aim of this paper is to determine the international market selection method best-suited to the identification of potential export opportunities for South Africa. The…
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  • Year 2009
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Daniel Poon
This paper highlights ten key features of the Developmental State (DS) growth model by contrasting trends in economic indicators and institutions between China (and East Asia more generally) and South Africa. In light of the recent (and perhaps politically opportunistic) adoption of DS language into the South African policy discourse,…

  • Year 2009
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Lauren Royston
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The paper argues for a broad based access to property, broader than access to title allows, with the potential for wider, quicker and more sustained reach. It motivates for a place for tenure security in the second economy strategy as a means for securing access to property, a pre-condition for…

  • Year 2008
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
TIPS was commissioned by FABCOS (The Foundation for African Business and Consumer Services) to undertake a study on the impact of fuel and food price increases on small business. As FABCOS has a large constituency of informal or previously informal businesses, a strong emphasis was placed on the impacts for…
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  • Year 2008
  • Publication Author(s) Chris Williams, Niel van Zyl
The systematic failure of post-settlement support in South African land reform has been identified as a major contributing variable to the approximated 50 percent failure rate  of new land reform projects.  In spite of this dismal record, government increasingly finds itself under immense political pressure to speed up land reform…
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  • Year 2008
  • Organisation Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration
  • Publication Author(s) Michael Wild, Oliver Schwank
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
South Africa has a peculiar industrial structure given its factor endowments: production is capital intensive in sectors and concentrated in capital intensive sectors despite an abundance of unskilled labour. Part of the reason for this phenomenon lies in the development process of South African industry: it grew around the mining…

  • Year 2008
  • Publication Author(s) Mmatlou Kalaba
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
The drive towards SADC trade liberalisation is a goal that is emphasised in most documents of the SADC Secretariat, including the protocol on trade and the regional indicative strategic development plan (RISDP). This trade liberalisation aims to deepen regional integration through increased intra-trade between SADC member states, which was to…