Research Archive (700)

  • Year 2008
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Lawrence Edwards;Martin Odendaal
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This paper investigates the impact of the quality of infrastructure on exports, with a specific focus on Sub-Sahara Africa. Improving the quality of infrastructure has a positive effect on exports by lowering the transport costs faced by the exporter. This paper provides a new specification on how to model transport…

  • Year 2008
  • Organisation Development Bank of Southern Africa
  • Publication Author(s) Marié Kirsten;Glynn Davies
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The South African government has begun to speed up the delivery of infrastructure. This policy shift is in line with its aim to halve poverty and unemployment by 2014, achievable if the economy grows at an average rate of 6 per cent by 2010. The government was able to demonstrate…

  • Year 2008
  • Organisation Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)
  • Publication Author(s) Eric Makoni
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The making of a 'new' South Africa has not been without its challenges. After the political miracle of 1994, political actors, policy-makers and academics had to transform repressive and apartheid predatory political machinery into a functional and inclusive and democratised polity. Inebriated by the euphoria of a newly found democracy,…
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  • Year 2008
  • Organisation Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration
  • Publication Author(s) Oliver Schwank;Michael Wild
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
South Africa has a peculiar industrial structure given its factor endowments: production is capital intensive in sectors and concentrated in capital intensive sectors despite an abundance of unskilled labour. Part of the reason for this phenomenon lies in the development process of South African industry: it grew around the mining…

  • Year 2008
  • Organisation University of KwaZulu-Natal
  • Publication Author(s) Vanessa Tang
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Industrial Development Zones (IDZs) have been and still are important vehicles used by developing countries to facilitate investments, create jobs and boost exports. The attractiveness of IDZs is characterized primarily by their association with the adjacent location of an airport or port, good basic infrastructure and duty-free imports of production-related…

  • Year 2008
  • Organisation Development Network Africa
  • Publication Author(s) Frank Flatters;Matthew Stern
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The future direction of South African industrial policy is the subject of vigorous and healthy debate. The outcome is important for the country's economic development. This study is an attempt to contribute to these discussions through an overview of and some questions about the economic impacts of South Africa's post…
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  • Year 2008
  • Organisation Polytechnic University of San Luis Potosi, Mexico
  • Publication Author(s) Juan Carlos Neri Guzmán
  • Countries and Regions Mercosur (Common Market of the South)
This document has the objective to determine and to analyze the economic vocation of the ten main cities in Mexico, it with the purpose to identify areas of opportunity for the implementation of policies of industrial clusters as a measure to increase the productivity in the country. From the decade…

  • Year 2008
  • Organisation University of Kwazulu-Natal
  • Publication Author(s) Marcel Kohler
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
South Africa's energy system has been, and still is, one of the key contributing factors to the social and economic development of the nation. By international standards, the South African economy is very energy-intensive, meaning that the country uses a large amount of energy for every rand of economic output.…

  • Year 2008
  • Organisation University of Johannesburg
  • Publication Author(s) Talita Dalton-Greyling
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The world's interest in forced displacement, including refugees and forced migrants has increased considerably during the last decades as the number of people displaced became a global concern. At the end of 2005, the global figure of "persons of concern" to the United Nations Higher Commission on Refugees (UNHCR) stood…

  • Year 2008
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Kate Philip
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The paper will explore the assumptions and analysis informing the drafting of a second economy strategy, a process that has been underway under the auspices of The Second Economy Strategy Project: an initiative of the Presidency, based at TIPS. The paper will argue that the concept of 'the second economy'…

  • Year 2008
  • Organisation University of the Free State
  • Publication Author(s) Antonie Pool
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Democracy opened the door for transformation in South Africa. In the past decade, various laws, policies and programmes have been implemented with the aim of putting into effect the principles of the new South African Constitution and the Bill of Rights, with the aim of improving the lives of the…
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  • Year 2008
  • Organisation YENEPAD
  • Publication Author(s) Alain Ndedi
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Colonialism and the deleterious impact of Structural Adjustment Programmes (SAPs) and now globalisation. Some parts of postcolonial Africa have attempted to set up ministries of economic development. Others have concentrated on attracting on Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) whilst some others have early on realised that the state and private capital…
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  • Year 2008
  • Organisation Orkestra, Basque Institute of Competitiveness
  • Publication Author(s) James Wilson
There are fundamental links between academic treatments of 'economic development' and of the popular policy discourse of 'competitiveness'. Productivity-focused analyses of competitiveness are inherently related to market-centric analyses of development that have economic growth as their objective. However, a consensus is emerging on the need for broader conceptions of economic…

  • Year 2008
  • Organisation South African Reserve Bank
  • Publication Author(s) Siobhan Redford
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The purpose of this paper is to investigate whether a relationship between export volumes and exchange rate volatility exists as suggested in the ASGISA document. It goes about this by first investigating the theoretical channels that predict the relationship between export volumes and exchange rate volatility. The theoretical prediction though,…

  • Year 2008
  • Organisation University of Pretoria and Tilburg University
  • Publication Author(s) E. Schaling
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
In this paper we analyze the relationships between exchange rates, inflation and competitiveness. We show that over the 1994-2006 sample period real exchange rate depreciations did not improve the trade balance and therefore had no positive effect on growth. One reason is that SA exports are priced to market (PTM…

  • Year 2008
  • Organisation University of the Free State
  • Publication Author(s) M. Marinkov;P. Burger
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Formal inflation targeting has been adopted as the monetary policy framework in South Africa since February 2000. Prior to that (since about 1990), the South African Reserve Bank has pursued implicit inflation targeting with no officially announced inflation target. Official inflation targeting frameworks are based on the premise that inflation…
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  • Year 2008
  • Organisation University of Cape Town and Deloitte Consulting
  • Publication Author(s) Chandana Kularatne; Roy Haveman
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
To better understand why some currencies are more volatile than others, this paper considers the cross-country determinants of exchange rate volatility for a set of middle-income countries. Overall, the paper finds that higher levels of reserves reduce volatility, and it is estimated that an appropriate level of reserves is approximately…

  • Year 2008
  • Organisation South African Reserve Bank
  • Publication Author(s) L. Rangasamy;J. Jakoet
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The key objective of this paper is to construct a commodity export price series for South Africa (incorporating a wider range of commodities than those considered in the empirical literature on South Africa to date) and to determine its influence on real exchange rate movements in South Africa. Existing models…

  • Year 2008
  • Organisation University of Stellenbosch
  • Publication Author(s) Rachel Jafta;Willem Boshoff
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The ASGISA document identifies several binding constraints preventing South Africa from achieving elevated levels of economic growth (Republic of South Africa, 2006). This paper takes an evolutionary perspective to consider whether the proposed policy interventions will address what is, arguably, a fundamental growth constraint: the current inability of the economic…

  • Year 2008
  • Organisation University of Free State
  • Publication Author(s) Frikkie Booysen
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The adverse micro- and macroeconomic impacts of the HIV and AIDS epidemic is relatively well documented. With the advent of the free provision of antiretroviral treatment (ART) in the public sector, the focus in research on the economics of HIV and AIDS has shifted toward determining how ART may ameliorate…

  • Year 2008
  • Organisation University of the Witwatersrand
  • Publication Author(s) Gregory John Lee;Ralitza Dobreva
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
One of the most pervasive trends in contemporary South African business is the substitution of alternative work forms for full-time, permanent employment. Part-time work and external contracting are used extensively by firms, ostensibly to adjust to altering work conditions. However, relatively little is understood about the process, context and contingencies…

  • Year 2008
  • Organisation University of Pretoria
  • Publication Author(s) Ward Anseeuw;Ntombifuthi Mathebula
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Although the 1994 elections concern redress, social justice and reconciliation, many would consider that these objectives will never be achieved if no economic and social development affects the previously disadvantaged. Development has many dimensions (especially if considered as addressing the injustices of the past) among which the increase of low…

  • Year 2008
  • Organisation SOAS, University of London
  • Publication Author(s) Lotta Takala
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
South African manufacturing has experienced a slow overall decline despite adopting a range of recommended economic policies from protectionism and active state support in the period preceding political change (1994) followed by aggressive liberalisation and more free access to markets thereafter. Alongside interfering industrial policies, the decline has also been…

  • Year 2008
  • Organisation Department of Economics, Stellenbosch University
  • Publication Author(s) Johan Fourie
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Trade-in-services is fast becoming one of the foremost areas of research and policy making in the international trade arena. Although the General Agreement on Trade-in-Services (GATS) was implemented in 1995, it is only recently, with the realisation of the close linkages between goods and service exports and the advent of…

  • Year 2008
  • Organisation Senior Research Manager, Centre for Employment, Poverty and Growth, HSRC.
  • Publication Author(s) Tim Hart
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This paper will review the attempts at fostering resource poor small-scale agricultural development in South Africa from 1994 to the present. Based on the lack of a concerted policy for support and development of this group of farmers and given the incomplete datasets about this group a number an attempt…

  • Year 2008
  • Organisation University of Pretoria
  • Publication Author(s) James Blignaut;Jan van Heerden
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
South Africa is in the grip of an electricity crisis marked by a euphemism known as load shedding. The demand for electricity has grown to the point that the supply reserve margin is often under threat, necessitating the electricity supplier to cut supply to some areas, or to shed load.…

  • Year 2008
  • Publication Author(s) Mompati N. Baiphethi; Siyabulela Manona;M.F. Viljoen;G. Kundhlande
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Most of the communal arable lands in the former homeland areas are currently either underutilized or not utilized at all. Among some of the reasons given is the absence of 'land markets' owing to the communal nature of the rights bestowed on the owners/users of the land. This paper aims…

  • Year 2008
  • Organisation Development Works and Leap
  • Publication Author(s) Lauren Royston
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The question that concerns this paper is: how can greater security of tenure increase access to economic opportunities for the poor? Because of the relationship of tenure to property, the primary concern of this paper becomes: how secure access to property can increase economic opportunities for the poor. Rephrased, the…

  • Year 2008
  • Organisation Lahore University of Management Sciences
  • Publication Author(s) Faheem ul Islam
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The paper presents significant new insights for Policy Makers, Practitioners, Educators, and Researchers into the socio-economy of agglomerated SMEs in developing country context. Using mixed methods of inquiry and concurrent triangulation approach this paper profiles the socio-economy of the internationally competitive textile industry cluster of Faisalabad in Pakistan to establish…

  • Year 2008
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Mmatlou Kalaba;Mbofholowo Tsedu
The Southern African Development Community (SADC) has been implementing the trade protocol for more than seven years. The aim is to liberalise trade flows between members and eventually lead to deeper integration in the region. As member states are preparing to enter another layer of integration in the form of…