Annual Forum Papers

  • Year 2011
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Author(s) Jeffrey Mashiane
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
We look at how trade liberalisation, working through product prices, has affected the skill premium in South Africa over the period 1990-2009. Our main finding is that trade liberalisation led to a reduction in prices over this period, and, through prices, mandated a rise in the skill premium of 3.3%. The structure of…"
Published in TIPS Research Grant

  • Project SADRN
  • Year 2011
Southern African Development Community (SADC) members signed the Trade Protocol in 1996, however progress in the region to reap the benefits purported to accompany regional economic integration appears limited. Although SADC has adopted a growth and development through trade strategy, indications are that more needs to be done to implement this in a…"
Published in Policy Briefs

  • Year 2011
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Countries and Regions Southern Africa Customs Union (SACU), Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Evidence based policy making is critical for developing sound and relevant government policies. The process of evidence based policy making by definition allows one to monitor specific variables to determine the efficacy of a government intervention. Accurate data and sound data analysis are needed to achieve particular objectives. In the year of the…"
Published in Trade and Industry

  • Year 2011
  • Organisation TIPS
This note highlights the pattern of South Africa, European Union and Asia trade over the period 1990-2009. The note pays particular attention to trade flow changes between South Africa and the EU and compares these to the changes in the trade flows between South Africa and Asia. The note also looks at the…"
Published in Trade and Industry

  • Project TRALAC
  • Year 2011
For many African states, negotiations to liberalise trade in services is a relatively new experience. Southern African Development Community (SADC), Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) and East African Community (EAC) member states are set to negotiate services at several levels – regional, bilateral, multilateral and even at the supra-regional level…"
Published in Policy Briefs

  • Year 2011
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Author(s) Roman Grynberg
The purpose of this paper is two-fold. First it is to review Botswana's competitiveness policy in the 10th National Development Plan, (NDP10 -2009-2016), National Export Strategy (2010-2016) and what are its conceptual foundations in the works of Michael Porter (1990). This will help explain the direction of trade and development policy in a…"
Published in Trade and Industry

  • Year 2011
  • Organisation Energy Research Center, UCT; MAPS
  • Author(s) Peet du Plooy; Meagan Jooste
Climate and trade issues lie at the intersection of two of the world's most contested, delayed and important multilateral negotiations. Climate change under the auspices of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and international trade as regulated by the World Trade Organization (WTO). This paper is a scoping assessment of…"
Published in Climate Change

  • Project SADRN
  • Year 2011
In 1997 the EU introduced a requirement that beef imports be traceable through a computerised system. To ensure continued access to the EU market, Botswana introduced the livestock identification and traceback system (LITS). The objectives  of this study are to estimate the costs associated with implementing the system and determine the effects on…"
Published in Policy Briefs

  • Project SADRN
  • Year 2011
There is increasing evidence that export diversification is linked to growth. However, possibly less than 10 African countries show signs of export diversification, with manufacturing making up at least 25% of total exports. Botswana and Zambia are both heavily reliant on primary commodity exports. In Zambia, the dominance of copper was such that…"
Published in Policy Briefs

  • Project SADRN
  • Year 2011
In their quest to achieve higher economic growth and development African governments have experimented with different growth and industrialisation models. Prominent among these is the import substitution industrialisation (ISI) model adopted after gaining independence in the 1960s and 1770s. It is widely believed that the ISI model failed, and after this came the…"
Published in Policy Briefs

  • Project SADRN
  • Year 2011
Sugar cane remains a major contributor to the Mauritian economy. In 2003 it was cultivated on 85% of the arable land by 28 000 planters, with most planters being smallholders. One in three rural families is directly or indirectly involved in the sugar industry. Annual sugar production averages 575 000 tonnes of which…"
Published in Policy Briefs
Wednesday, 15 December 2010

15 Year Review - Trade

  • Year 2010
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Author(s) Ximena Gonzalez-Nuñez
South Africa's trade policy has undergone much change as the country approaches its second decade of democracy. In particular, of more recent interest on the global sphere, and hence on the domestic front, have been the trade issues du jour, including trade in services and behind-the-border issues such as non-tariff measures and competition.…"
Published in Trade and Industry

  • Year 2010
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Author(s) Tsitsi Effie Mutambara
This paper examines the pattern of trade between IBSA countries for the period 2001-2008. We find that trade between the countries has been on the increase. After the IBSA initiative was established in 2003, each country recorded a significant growth in its trade with other IBSA countries in 2004, leading to a large…"
Published in Trade and Industry

  • Year 2010
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Author(s) Adele Breytenbach, Andre Jordaan
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This paper involved the determination and analysis of trade potential for the South African pulp and paper industry using a gravity model approach. The pulp and paper sector was identified by the Department of Trade and Industry amongst four other lead sectors to enhance economic growth through the Accelerated and Shared Growth Initiative for South…"
Published in TIPS Research Grant

  • Year 2010
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Author(s) Patrick Kanda; Andre Jordaan
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This study involved the determination and analysis of trade potential for the South African pulp and paper industry using a gravity model approach. The pulp and paper sector was identified by the Department of Trade and Industry amongst four other lead sectors to enhance economic growth through the Accelerated and Shared Growth Initiative…"
Published in TIPS Research Grant

  • Year 2009
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Author(s) Marcel Kohler
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Trade patterns change as a result of the international specialisation of production and the increased integration of world markets. This is especially evident in small open economies such as the countries that make up the SADC region. In 2000, the share of SADC industrial production that was exported stood at 12%; by 2005, this…"
Published in SADC Trade Development

  • Year 2009
  • Organisation Commonwealth Secretariat ‘Hub & Spokes’ Project
  • Author(s) James Maringwa
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Member countries of the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) engaged in a number of bilateral trade liberalisation agreements and initiatives from as way back as the 1950s, the main objective being to increase bilateral trade flows through deeper opening and access of regional markets. Southern African countries saw these ‘country to country' trade…"
Published in SADC Trade Development

  • Year 2009
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Author(s) Renato Johnsson Núñez
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
This paper proposes that non-temporary circular migration creates and sustains 'circular migration flows', which are the outcome of the continuous interaction between sending and receiving countries that is created and sustained by migration and by transnational networks. Circular migration generates both pecuniary and non-pecuniary flows which are conducive to enterprise creation and development. …"
Published in Trade and Industry

  • Year 2009
  • Organisation TIPS, BIDPA; Trade and Pro-Poor Growth Thematic Working Group
  • Author(s) Roman Grynberg;Maseddi Motswapong
  • Countries and Regions South Africa, Southern Africa Customs Union (SACU), Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Maize is the most important staple cereal product consumed in the Southern African region. The purpose of this paper is to examine the origins of the global 2007/8 food price crisis and the impact this had on the trade in maize within the SACU customs union as well as to consider the impact…"

  • Year 2009
  • Organisation Trade and Pro-Poor Growth Thematic Working Group; TIPS, BIDPA
  • Author(s) Evengelista Mudzonga
  • Countries and Regions Zimbabwe
The paper has attempted to contribute to a key issue in the current debate on economic development: the link between trade and poverty. The paper focused on the impact of imported chickens on Zimbabwe's poultry industry. The general aim of the study was to find the impact of imported chicken on producers, consumers,…"
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