Annual Forum Papers

  • Year 2004
  • Author(s) Ron Sandrey; Dirk van Seventer
This study finds that export trade widened rather than deepened as a result of the CER trade agreement with Australia. Trade has expanded in those products that were not heavily traded prior to the agreement as opposed to an expansion of traditional-exports that were traded at the start of the agreement."

  • Year 2004
  • Author(s) Rosemary N. Okoh
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
This paper is an empirical analysis of the demand for Nigeria's non-oil export merchandise with a view to providing an answer to the question of how far the present product mix would go in the global market. The study employed the Johansen's test of co-integration and analysis of structural characteristics of the integrated…"

  • Year 2004
  • Author(s) Rashad Cassim; Dirk van Seventer
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
As part of a wider investigation by the National Institute for Economic Policy, covering a range of economic policy issues, the main aim of this paper is to provide another view of how trade policy has evolved since democracy. We use standard quantities measures of trade policy analysis as an input into a…"

  • Year 2004
  • Author(s) Lawrence Edwards; Duncan Pieterse
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This paper estimates the impact of trade liberalisation on factor returns in South Africa between 1988 and 2002. A particular contribution of the paper is that tariff data are explicitly used in the analysis. In addition, the paper models trade-induced technological change. The paper finds that tariff liberalisation from 1988 to 2002 negatively…"

  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Author(s) Kathy Gibson
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
In economics, the effects of tariff protection and tariff reform remain a contentious, fervently debated issue.1 In South Africa, decades of high tariff protection, of which domestic manufacturing sectors primarily benefited, are being followed by a period of substantial tariff reform. To this end, endorsement by the South African government of the Uruguay…"
Published in SADC Trade Development

  • Year 2003
  • Organisation School of Geography, Archaeology and Environmental Studies University of the Witwatersrand
  • Author(s) Charles Mather
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This paper discusses changes in the regulation of citrus exports from South Africa. It traces the changes from state regulation of the citrus chain to very recent forms of private regulation in the context of highly competitive global markets. The paper argues that while these forms of private regulation are positive in that…"
Published in SADC Trade Development

  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Author(s) Xavier Carim
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The overriding objectives of the Nepad programme are economic growth and sustainable development. If it is accepted that trade contributes positively to these objectives, the next question that arises is how to improve African countries' export performance. The ability to improve export performance requires a broader discussion of trade, industrial and agricultural policies,…"
Published in SADC Trade Development

  • Year 2003
  • Author(s) David Evans
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC), Zambia
The first section sketches the well-known argument that there is a potential clash between trade policy reform, employment creation and poverty alleviation in the context of economic integration in Southern Africa. The argument is developed in the wider context of the endowments and accumulation of key resources in Sub Saharan Africa since 1960…"

  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Author(s) Carol Molate; Dirk Ernst van Seventer
  • Countries and Regions Brazil, South Africa
In this short report we examine South African trade with Brazil for decade up to 2001. First we look at the absolute values, trends, patterns at the aggregate level and somehow disaggregated level of 22 commodities clusters. The aim of this section is to provide a first round analysis of those commodities that…"
Published in SADC Trade Development

  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Author(s) TIPS
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
South Africa has experienced significant liberalisation during the 1990s on the political as well as economic front. Starting with the first democratic elections in 1994, the economy has undergone liberalisation of internal and external financial markets, labour markets and trade regime. Major changes have also taken place in terms of monetary and fiscal…"

  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Author(s) Faizel Ismail
  • Countries and Regions European Union (EU)
This paper will begin by outlining the policy framework that informs EU trade policies and will set out a development perspective that informs the evaluation of EU trade policies. The paper then discusses the issue of adjustment in the EU and evaluates the EU track record in key industries of interest to developing…"
Published in SADC Trade Development

  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Author(s) Ximena Gonzalez-Nunez
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
The SADC Free Trade Agreement (FTA) came into effect recently. Periodic examination of intra-SADC trade flows is an important element of monitoring the impact of the FTA."
Published in SADC Trade Development

  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Author(s) TIPS
  • Countries and Regions European Union (EU), South Africa
Of concern to domestic policy makers is that trade between Finland and South Africa is very much biased in favour of the former country. Set against this backdrop, Trade and Investment South Africa (TISA) of the South African Department of Trade and Industry (DTI), together with the Finnish Embassy in South Africa, the…"
Published in SADC Trade Development

  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Author(s) Carol Molate and Dirk van Seventer
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The Trade Performance Index (TPI) is a tool developed by the International Trade Centre (ITC) for assessing and monitoring the multi-faceted dimensions of export performance and competitiveness of countries and their principal export sectors. At present, the TPI covers 184 countries and 14 different sectors. It reveals how competitive and diversified a particular…"
Published in SADC Trade Development

  • Year 2002
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Author(s) Anton Eberhard
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This paper is essentially a scoping exercise to explore the type of issues that might arise for South Africa in WTO energy service negotiations. The background to the current round of negotiations in energy services is explained, including the uncertainties that remain in classifying energy services. The extent and diversity of the energy…"

  • Year 2002
  • Author(s) Jessie de Beer
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The new international financial architecture has its roots in the financial crises that shook emerging-market economies in the l990s Mexico in 1994-5, and East Asia in 1997-8. The problems there, as well as in Russia in 1998, in Brazil in 1998-9, and more recently in Turkey and Argentina, underscored the importance of strengthening…"

  • Year 2002
  • Author(s) Neil Rankin
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This paper examines the response of South African manufacturing production to changes in prices and exchange rates. A restricted profit function is used to model the behaviour of the manufacturing sector, as well as a number of manufacturing sub-sectors, and of the agricultural and coal mining sectors. Labour and intermediate imports are treated…"

  • Year 2002
  • Author(s) Neo Chabane
In 1996 the maize market was liberalised and the maize marketing board was abolished. This has meant that prices and production decisions now respond to market forces. At the same time there has been a restructuring of agents at different levels of the maize supply chain and there are relatively high levels of…"

  • Year 2002
  • Author(s) Nnzeni Netshitomboni; Matthew Stern
The paper extends simple trade analysis techniques used to evaluate barriers to goods trade to identify opportunities and barriers to South African trade in services. Using available services trade data from four of South Africa's major trading partners, under-traded service imports are identified and compared to trade restrictions listed in the WTO services…"

  • Year 2002
  • Author(s) Joseph Francois; Will Martin
Most of the large tariff reductions achieved in multilateral trade negotiations have involved the use of tariff-cutting formulas, such as the "Swiss" formula. But the wide variations in initial tariff rates may create a demand for new approaches in the Doha Development Agenda. This paper surveys some options and examines the implications of…"
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