Trade and Industry

Trade and Industry (213)

Industrial policy forms the core of TIPS’s work. In this context, TIPS supports the Department of Trade and Industry (the dti), the Departmenet of Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation (DPME), the Department of Science and Technology (DST) and several other departments and stakeholders with targeted studies to support policy development for industrial and trade policy as well as manufacturing growth.

TIPS undertakes research, among others, into national and regional sectors, value chains and clusters; the impact of state and private institutions on manufacturing  growth and diversification; the barriers to entry to small and medium enterprise in manufacturing; the extent and nature of innovation; and the impact of manufacturing on broader economic growth and development, income distribution and job creation.

Trade research has also been an important research area of TIPS since its establishment.  TIPS has looked at many different aspects of international trade, including country studies, trade policy, export development and the relationship between trade and industrial policy. 

See past projects

  • Year 2005
  • Author(s) Dirk van Seventer; Richard Goode
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Since 1994, some restructuring of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) has taken place in South Africa (SA), which has included elements of corporatisation and commercialisation, as well as partial privatisation. The Government has committed itself to more reform. This is an ongoing process, and to inform this process an investigation into its…
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  • Year 2005
  • Author(s) Jorn Rattso; Hildegunn Stokke
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The barrier model of productivity growth suggests that individual country productivity is related to the world technology frontier disturbed by national barriers. We offer a country study of the barrier model, exploiting the dramatic changes in the linkages to the world economy in South Africa (SA).The productivity growth in the…
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  • Year 2005
  • Author(s) Karl Venter; Richard Goode
Improving commuter rail service delivery is a high-priority programme of the Department of Transport (DOT). Faced with a failing business, the DOT has launched a reform programme for commuter rail, foreseeing increased public investment and possibly an extended role for the private sector. The object of this working paper is…
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  • Year 2005
  • Author(s) Christian Rogerson
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
One of the key issues that has been raised in terms of the analysis of small enterprise (SMME) support programmes in South Africa is that often support initiatives have been in the form of 'generic' packages that overlook the specificities of particular sectors. Although it has been recognized that the…
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  • Year 2005
  • Author(s) Charles Mather
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The food processing sector is widely regarded as having the potential to generate economic growth, entrepreneurial opportunities and employment (FAO, 1997; CIAT, 2002; Lambert, 2001; McCormick and Atieno, 2002). In developing countries the interest in agro-processing is associated with its potential for generating demand amongst smallholder farmers, upgrading primary production…
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  • Year 2005
  • Organisation DTI
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
In 2004, TIPS also undertook a study to document public sector support to the small enterprise sector over the last decade for the dti. The Review documents 10 years of evolution of the dti's small enterprise support programmes and its overall strategy, leading to the current 'Integrated Strategy for Small-Enterprise…

  • Year 2005
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Author(s) John Orford
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This paper considers the role of provincial governments in supporting small enterprise development. It is based on research conducted by the University of Cape Town's (UCT's) Centre of Innovation and Entrepreneurship (CIE). It was sponsored by TIPS (Trade and Industrial Policy Strategies), an independent non-profit research institution that is committed…
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  • Year 2004
  • Author(s) Rob Davies; Dirk Ernst van Seventer
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The South African government is evaluating the economy’s performance over its first decade in power. This period can be characterised by a ‘double’ liberalisation: democratisation of the political process going hand in hand with liberalisation of the economy. This paper provides a broad overview of the macroeconomic aspects of this…
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  • Year 2004
  • Author(s) Sanjaya Lall
  • Countries and Regions East African Community (EAC), European Union (EU), Southern African Development Community (SADC)
As liberalization and globalization gather pace, concern with industrial competitiveness is growing, not just in developing countries but also in mature industrial ones. But it is the former that face the most intense competitive pressures: many find that their enterprises are unable to cope with rigours of open markets in…
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  • Year 2004
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Author(s) James Thurlow
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Computable general equilibrium (CGE) models are widely used for policy-analysis in many countries. In the past a number of CGE models have been developed for South Africa, and used to assess a broad range of policy issues. However, the perceived complexity of this analytical approach, and the concentration of capacity…
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  • Year 2004
  • Author(s) Penelope Hawkins
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The South African financial sector, defined as the banking, insurance and securities industries, has contributed to the growth of the economy since democracy in terms of growth in assets and value added, although its provision of financial services to the poor has been less impressive. The article takes a broad…
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  • Year 2004
  • Author(s) Nimrod Zalk
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The current phase of globalisation, from the mid-1980s to the present, has been characterised by farreaching changes in the global trading system. There have been differential economic gains from participation in the global economy, particularly a) between developed and developing countries and b) amongst developing countries. Much has depended on…
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Wednesday, 01 December 2004

Productivity in SA: Friend or Fiend?

  • Year 2004
  • Author(s) Christopher D. Mlosy; Thomas E. Pogue
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Today in South Africa we are witnessing changes that are remaking the country. These changes are in the social, economic and political spheres. Under its democratic government, South Africa committed itself to the principles of free-market economy nearly a decade ago. Yet, these commitments have not borne their expected fruits.…

  • Year 2004
  • Author(s) Simon Roberts
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Competition policy is part of the new international orthodoxy in economic policy and, at the same time, was viewed in South Africa as a crucial element of economic transformation. This article reviews the role of competition policy in economic development and the experiences of developing countries such as Brazil and…
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  • Year 2004
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Author(s) Justin Barnes; Anthony Black
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This strategy document endeavours to analyse the South African automotive assembly and components industry's major market and production trends and dynamics as a mechanism for identifying current industry constraints and opportunities/challenges. It is comprised of six sections. Section 1 provides an overview of the sector's major trends as gleaned from…
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  • Year 2004
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Author(s) Kirsten Kennedy
Business process outsourcing and offshoring (BPO&O) is a major global trend, with a significant positive impact in developing countries that have the required skills, cost advantage and infrastructure. Over the next 4-5 years, a window of opportunity exists for South Africa to realize significant value by developing this sector. South…

  • Year 2004
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
In literature or current economic life, the concept of 'small businesses' often covers different implicit areas of focus. The lack of clarity about what is understood as a small business can affect the reliability of research findings. Not surprisingly, since there are different concepts of businesses, there are also different…

  • Year 2003
  • Author(s) James Hodge
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The reform of the telecommunications sector in the mid-1990s had as one of its areas of focus an expansion of access to telecommunications - both at the household ownership and the broader access levels. This paper examines the performance of policies around ownership and suggests alternative options for the future.…
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  • Year 2003
  • Author(s) Susan Cleary; Stephen Thomas
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
In South Africa, there is an increasing trend towards trading health services, both in the public and in the private health sectors, despite minimal formal liberalisation offered by South Africa under the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS). Health services trade has been occurring in at least three of…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Author(s) Kathy Gibson
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
In economics, the effects of tariff protection and tariff reform remain a contentious, fervently debated issue.1 In South Africa, decades of high tariff protection, of which domestic manufacturing sectors primarily benefited, are being followed by a period of substantial tariff reform. To this end, endorsement by the South African government…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Author(s) Ron Sandrey
  • Countries and Regions South Africa, Southern African Development Community (SADC)
As international tariffs are being reduced increased attention is being given to the role of non-tariff measures in impeding trade flows. The working definition of NTMs used in this report is 'government measures other than tariffs that restrict trade flows'. This covers a range of measures from health and safety…
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  • Year 2003
  • Author(s) Kalie Pauw
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The unemployment rate among semi- and unskilled workers in South Africa is over 50%. This high rate can be attributed to various factors, including political decisions of the past, educational inequalities, and poor economic growth. These factors have contributed to the structural unemployment problem in South Africa. The real cost…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation School of Geography, Archaeology and Environmental Studies University of the Witwatersrand
  • Author(s) Charles Mather
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This paper discusses changes in the regulation of citrus exports from South Africa. It traces the changes from state regulation of the citrus chain to very recent forms of private regulation in the context of highly competitive global markets. The paper argues that while these forms of private regulation are…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Author(s) Kevin Nell
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This paper investigates South Africa's saving-investment behaviour between 1962 and 2001. The results show that due to the unlimited nature of net capital inflows (foreign debt) from 1962 to 1976, saving and investment were not bound by a long-run solvency constraint and thus unrelated in the long run. By contrast,…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Author(s) Xavier Carim
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The overriding objectives of the Nepad programme are economic growth and sustainable development. If it is accepted that trade contributes positively to these objectives, the next question that arises is how to improve African countries' export performance. The ability to improve export performance requires a broader discussion of trade, industrial…
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  • Year 2003
  • Author(s) David Evans
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC), Zambia
The first section sketches the well-known argument that there is a potential clash between trade policy reform, employment creation and poverty alleviation in the context of economic integration in Southern Africa. The argument is developed in the wider context of the endowments and accumulation of key resources in Sub Saharan…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Author(s) Carol Molate; Dirk Ernst van Seventer
  • Countries and Regions Brazil, South Africa
In this short report we examine South African trade with Brazil for decade up to 2001. First we look at the absolute values, trends, patterns at the aggregate level and somehow disaggregated level of 22 commodities clusters. The aim of this section is to provide a first round analysis of…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Author(s) TIPS
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
South Africa has experienced significant liberalisation during the 1990s on the political as well as economic front. Starting with the first democratic elections in 1994, the economy has undergone liberalisation of internal and external financial markets, labour markets and trade regime. Major changes have also taken place in terms of…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation SATRN
  • Author(s) James Hodge
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Telecommunications services are an important focus for most industrial countries in the current round of trade talks in services. Initial negotiating positions and country requests by these industrial countries all call for full liberalisation of the sector. SADC countries have already embarked on reform in telecommunications but few have made…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation The Edge Institute
  • Author(s) Ethel Teljeur
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The Edge Institute  Intellectual property rights (IPRs) are at the centre of several current policy debates, both nationally and internationally, ranging from music piracy and geographical indications in wine labelling to generic alternatives for patented pharmaceuticals. In order to engage in these debates, a thorough understanding of the pros and…
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