Annual Forum Papers

Session 5: Mining and Economic Growth

  • Year 2016
  • Organisation University of KwaZulu-Natal
  • Publication Author(s) Dr Olwaumi D Awolusi
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)

Session 4: Market integration and trade

Industrial development concerns have now become a priority focus in Africa. This is, in some measure, prompted by developments in commodities sectors, where the need for beneficiation of minerals and value addition of the continent's natural resources is enjoying priority focus. There is also recognition that a traditional trade and integration agenda that focuses predominantly on border issues to enhance market access, is not addressing Africa's fundamental challenges of lack of industrial capacity and diversity. In short, the capacity to produce tradeables competitively and the policy mix that will enhance this capacity, are very much occupying the minds of policymakers. The adoption of the Action Plan for Accelerated Industrial Development of Africa (AIDA) by the 10th African Union Assembly of Heads of State and Government in January 2008, is a continental policy response to these challenges. This paper focuses
on the regional aspects of industrial development and specifically, the role of the Southern African Development Community's (SADC) market integation agenda in supporting regional industrial development.

  • Year 2015
  • Organisation Trade Law Centre, tralac
  • Publication Author(s) Trudi Hartzenberg; William Mwanza
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)

Session 3: Regional manufacturing and industrial policy 2

The paper draws on a longer study which describes the transport infrastructure developments including the lead firms, the state actors, and the policy framework. Interviews were conducted with consulting engineering firms, civil construction firms, raw material providers and institutions in South Africa and Mozambique. The direct linkages to the local and regional economies are critically assessed including understanding how the investments have been organised. We assess the institutional dynamics in terms of the lead firms, the role of the Mozambique state, and influence of other organisations such as the World Bank. The study further assesses the relationship of the infrastructure investments with the development of capabilities at the local, national and regional level. The paper evaluates to what extent are local (Mozambique) and regional (especially South African) linkages being developed given competitive and procurement dynamics. Recommendations are made on local and regional capabilities development drawing from the findings, including key elements of a regional strategy for maximising the backward linkages of major infrastructure projects.

  • Year 2015
  • Organisation CCRED, University of Johannesburg
  • Publication Author(s) Tatenda Zengeni; Basani Baloyi; Simon Roberts
  • Countries and Regions Mozambique

Session 1: Regional manufacturing and industrial policy 1

This paper identifies important opportunities linked to growing local and regional demand, and what constraints exist for their exploitation. It identifies several areas of untapped, substantial opportunities for Zambia's manufacturing sector. While Zambia's competitiveness in global markets is challenged by macroeconomic factors (fluctuating exchange rates, real exchange rate appreciation) and structural bottlenecks (transportation costs, infrastructural services), all of which will require ambitious policy interventions and long-term investment (roads and railways rehabilitation and construction, electricity, internet connectivity), there are more immediate opportunities that are available in addition to its focus on copper beneficiation. These opportunities include strengthening linkages to urban demand for processed food, increasingly structured around supermarket retail chains, and to copper mining demand for goods and services. Opportunities also exist for suppliers to the mining industry as copper mining companies require a local supply chain capable of providing value added services and products, at reasonable prices and within short lead times.

  • Year 2015
  • Organisation Centre for Competition, Regulation and Economic Development (CCRED) University of Johannesburg
  • Publication Author(s) Judith Fessehale; Reena das Nair; Phumzile Ncube
  • Countries and Regions Zambia

Session 8: Agricultural value chains in the region

Paper to follow

  • Year 2015
  • Organisation University of the Witswatersrand
  • Publication Author(s) Lotta Takala-Greenish
  • Countries and Regions South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Session 7: Minerals value chains: Upstream and beneficiation

Copper, as Zambia's economic mainstay, is a mineral whose value chain stretches beyond the country's Copperbelt Province and the recently acclaimed “New Copperbelt” Northwestern Province. The Copperbelt Province as the mining hub has several industries benefiting from both upward and downward linkages in the Sub-Saharan African market and other regions globally. Despite the challenges associated with mining and mining economies being real, Zambia needs to learn from countries within the Southern African region such as South Africa and those in other continents such as Chile in order to have a formidable escape strategy from the “natural resource-curse phenomenon”. With such a strategy, stronger industrial linkages at home as well as improved contribution to regional industrialization are possible. Ultimately, this can strengthen economic growth and usher the country into a stage where beneficiation from the mines go beyond the local value chain debate but the entire nation as people see the tangible fruits of economic growth positively impacting human development indicators. The reality in the economic indicators would then truly reflect the reality on the ground among ordinary Zambians as is the case in Chile. 

  • Year 2015
  • Organisation University of Zambia
  • Publication Author(s) Godfrey Hampwaya; Wisdom Kaleng'a; Gilbert Siame
  • Countries and Regions South Africa, Zambia

This document has the objective to determine and to analyze the economic vocation of the ten main cities in Mexico, it with the purpose to identify areas of opportunity for the implementation of policies of industrial clusters as a measure to increase the productivity in the country.

From the decade of the years 90, Mexico has been involve in an intensive process of commercial liberalization, at the moment has signed 11 commercial agreements with the participation of 43 countries of the world.

Nevertheless the competitiveness has not been reflected with the same intensity in the productive activity and it register an backwardness in the international context, this way while in the year 2003 the country was placed as the number 47 as regards competitiveness, for the year 2007 fell two places and it was located as the 49 in the world.

In this sense the necessity to implement actions that allow to face the globalization phenomenon with a low competitiveness is an urgent task. In Mexico diverse initiatives have been undertaken to consolidates industrial clusters as in the case of the entities like Baja California (wine), Coahuila (automotive), Guanajuato (footwear), Jalisco (electronics) and Queretaro (information technology) with some significant advances.

The industrial clusters, today, represent a strategy to promote the development of an economy in a context of international competition which is based on the coordinating actions of the diverse actors related a specific activity. In Mexico, of the ten most important population centers, five register high levels of competitiveness (Mexico City, León, Coahuila, Baja California and Chihuahua), three a medium level (Jalisco, State of Mexico and Guanajuato) and the rest (San Luis Potosí and Puebla) register a low level of competitiveness. San Luis Potosi, for example, represents an opportunity area to promote actions of industrial cluster in three activities: metal-mechanics, automotive and food industry.

CV

Juan Carlos Neri Guzman was born on 14 October of 1964 in the México City, He is an economist and has made studies for Master Degree in Regional Development, Now he is a professor , researcher in the Polithecnic University of San Luis Potosi where take a doctorate studies with the ORGMASZ Institute of Poland.

His particular expertise fields are the planeation, quality systems, local development, statistical analysis, information systems, evaluating of public politics and the economic topics.

His previous experience was in government in the Planeation Secretary, (1998 to 2003); Environmental Development Secretary (1997) and Technique Secretary (1988 to 1992).

  • Year 2008
  • Organisation Polytechnic University of San Luis Potosi, Mexico
  • Publication Author(s) Juan Carlos Neri Guzmán
  • Countries and Regions Mercosur (Common Market of the South)

In September 2000, the SADC FTA has been launched wherein full liberalization of trade is expected by 2012. The SADC FTA is intended to act as a catalyst for increased regional integration. Nevertheless what are the benefits expected from the SADC FTA given the economic structure disparities existing among its participating members? Is it really feasible to expand intra-SADC trade? To address the potential of increasing intra SADC trade we present and analyze three complementary approaches. The first two ones refer to trade indices: export diversification indices, revealed comparative advantages and trade complementarity indices, and the last one is based on gravity model. Given that SADC countries have concentrated and similar comparative advantages, our static analysis suggests that the room for further trade within SADC is limited. Nevertheless, some results and ongoing researches show that development of intra industry trade might have trade creation effects in the region.

  • Year 2002
  • Publication Author(s) Sophie Chauvin; Guillaume Gaulier