Trade and Industry

Trade & Growth Dynamics (45)

  • Year 2004
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Justin Barnes; Anthony Black
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This strategy document endeavours to analyse the South African automotive assembly and components industry's major market and production trends and dynamics as a mechanism for identifying current industry constraints and opportunities/challenges. It is comprised of six sections. Section 1 provides an overview of the sector's major trends as gleaned from…
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  • Year 2004
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Kirsten Kennedy
Business process outsourcing and offshoring (BPO&O) is a major global trend, with a significant positive impact in developing countries that have the required skills, cost advantage and infrastructure. Over the next 4-5 years, a window of opportunity exists for South Africa to realize significant value by developing this sector. South…

  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) TIPS
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
South Africa has experienced significant liberalisation during the 1990s on the political as well as economic front. Starting with the first democratic elections in 1994, the economy has undergone liberalisation of internal and external financial markets, labour markets and trade regime. Major changes have also taken place in terms of…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation The Edge Institute
  • Publication Author(s) Ethel Teljeur
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The Edge Institute  Intellectual property rights (IPRs) are at the centre of several current policy debates, both nationally and internationally, ranging from music piracy and geographical indications in wine labelling to generic alternatives for patented pharmaceuticals. In order to engage in these debates, a thorough understanding of the pros and…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation SATRN
  • Publication Author(s) James Hodge
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Telecommunications services are an important focus for most industrial countries in the current round of trade talks in services. Initial negotiating positions and country requests by these industrial countries all call for full liberalisation of the sector. SADC countries have already embarked on reform in telecommunications but few have made…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation SATRN
  • Publication Author(s) Magdeline Gabaraane
  • Countries and Regions Botswana
Botswana's financial sector is relatively small, reflecting the small size of the market and perhaps the thorough approach to licensing and supervision.  The size of the sector in relation to the economy (as measured by the ratio of broad money to non-mining GDP) declined in the first half of the…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation SATRN
  • Publication Author(s) Monnane Monnane
  • Countries and Regions Botswana
The Botswana telecommunications sector is made of four major stakeholders. The Botswana Telecommunications Authority (BTA) is the sectors' regulator. The Botswana Telecommunications Corporation (BTC), a government owned company, provides fixed lines. Two private companies, Mascom Wireless and Vista Cellular provide mobile services. Very little research on the telecommunication sector in…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation SATRN
  • Publication Author(s) James Hodge
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Negotiations on the liberalisation of telecommunications form an important part of service negotiations in the Doha Round. The negotiations cover all aspects of the telecoms sector, including fixed line public networks, mobile networks and the full range of value-added network services (VANS) such as Internet and virtual private networks. Liberalisation…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) TIPS
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This report attempts to provide an overview of South Africa's industrial landscape during the 1990s, focusing on growth and sectoral shares in value-added at a detailed 46-sector level. Use is made of the TIPS South African Standardised Industry Database, which offers long-term trends spanning 1970 to the present for 46…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) James Hodge
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Telecommunications services are an important focus for most industrial countries in the current round of trade talks in services. Initial negotiating positions and country requests by these industrial countries all call for full liberalisation of the sector. James Hodge reports that SADC countries have already embarked on reform in telecommunications…
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  • Year 2003
  • Publication Author(s) Kennedy Mbekeani
  • Countries and Regions Mercosur (Common Market of the South)
The Cancun Ministerial Conference ended on 14 September after Chairperson Luis Ernesto Derbez concluded that members remained entrenched on the "Singapore" issues. Shortly before 18:00 Cancun time, Mexican Trade Minister Luis Ernesto Derbez formally closed the Fifth Session of the WTO Ministerial Conference, without agreement on a Ministerial Text. The…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation SATRN
  • Publication Author(s) Gape Kaboyakgosi
  • Countries and Regions Botswana
In this report we make an assessment of the transport sector in Botswana by analyzing policy and performance in the air and road transport sectors. The study had several other objectives among which was to identify reform needs for the two sectors, facilitate ease of comparison among SADC countries and…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation SATRN
  • Publication Author(s) Felix Maonera
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
The international commodity market is increasingly characterized by a fall in the relative value of products mainly due to increased competition. Because of the competitive pressures in the global market place, it is not surprising that exporters from economies that rely relatively more for their well being on the export…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) TIPS
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This report attempts to provide an overview of South Africa's industrial landscape during the 1990s, with specific emphasis on growth and sectoral shares in exports at a detailed 46-sector level. If one of the objective of the policies adopted during the middle of the 1990s was to bring about a…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) TIPS
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
In spite of the trade liberalisation efforts that have characterised the 1990s, it is apparent that imports by the manufacturing sector have remained more or less constant in real terms, whereas imports by agricultural industries have witnessed a decline in imports. Declining imports of business services have also been manifest…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Donald Onyango
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Only a handful of sectors have shown an increase in their demand for labour, amongst others, Leather Products, Plastic Products, Wood and Wood Products, Wholesale and Retail Trade, Printing and Publishing, Medical Services, Basic Chemicals and Other Chemicals and Television and Communications Equipment producers (Table 17). In terms of labour…
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  • Year 2002
  • Organisation TIPS; WITS
  • Publication Author(s) Rossana Achterberg
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Rapid technological change has impacted on the provision of telecommunications in South Africa, as in other countries. The increasing capacity of fibre optic networks, the growing powers of computers, the growth of satellite communications and other broadband developments are major factors influencing growth. Data to support an "information society" is…
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  • Year 2002
  • Organisation IFPRI
  • Publication Author(s) James Thurlow
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This paper assesses the economy-wide impact of implementing and financing a universal or basic income grant (BIG) in South Africa. The various financing scenarios suggested by the proponents of the grant are presented, and these are compared using an applied general equilibrium model for the South African economy. The results…
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  • Year 2002
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Bernard Hoekman
  • Countries and Regions Mercosur (Common Market of the South)
During September 10-14, 2003, WTO members met in Cancun for a mid-term review of the Doha Round of trade negotiations, launched in November 2001. Trade ministers entered the 5th WTO Ministerial divided on agricultural and non-agricultural negotiating modalities, on whether to launch negotiations on the so-called Singapore issues and their…
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  • Year 2002
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Hildegunn Nordas
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This paper discusses one aspect of the somewhat discredited "new economy" namely the impact of information and communication technologies on the growth in volume and diversity of producer services. It provides an analysis of data on developments within transport, communications, finance and business services in South Africa and discusses the…
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  • Year 2002
  • Organisation TIPS; UCT
  • Publication Author(s) Melvin Ayogu
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The government of South Africa comes across clear in enunciating its goals for the reform of public enterprises. According to the Minister of Public Enterprises, “restructuring” is the generic term taken to represent the set of strategies employed by the state to ensure that public enterprises in South Africa are…
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  • Year 2002
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Anton Eberhard
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This paper is essentially a scoping exercise to explore the type of issues that might arise for South Africa in WTO energy service negotiations. The background to the current round of negotiations in energy services is explained, including the uncertainties that remain in classifying energy services. The extent and diversity…
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  • Year 2002
  • Publication Author(s) James Thurlow; Dirk van Seventer
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The paper reports on the construction and testing of a Standard International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) computable general equilibrium model for South Africa. A 1998 social accounting matrix (SAM) for South Africa is compiled using national accounts information and recently released supply-use tables. By updating to a recent year,…
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  • Year 2001
  • Organisation SADC
  • Publication Author(s) Peter Coughlin; Musa Rubin
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
This report is the culmination of a study of the textile and garment industries in the member states of the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC). Based on fieldwork mostly done between October 2000 and April 2001, the project produced country reports for each of the 11 countries that are signatories…
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  • Year 2001
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Peter Delius; Stefan Schirmer
The paper puts forward a workable rural development strategy. It shows on which principles, which historical realities and which statistical facts such a strategy should be based. It looks at what the government is doing to promote rural development and suggests ways in which current policies could be improved, expanded…
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  • Year 2001
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Al Berry
  • Countries and Regions Latin America
The current economic setting in most Latin American countries suggests that if the small and medium enterprise sector does not perform well during the next couple of decades, overall economic performance will also be unsatisfactory, especially in the areas of employment creation and income distribution. No other major sector has…
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  • Year 2001
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Rosalind Mowatt
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
The reform of the financial sector has been an important component of the structural adjustment programmes pursued by developing countries, whereby reform entails reducing government involvement, freeing up financial markets, and strengtheningfinancial institutions. In Southern Africa, however, the financial systems of most countries remain relatively underdeveloped, in spite of these…
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  • Year 2001
  • Publication Author(s) TIna James; Philip Esselaar
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
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  • Year 2001
  • Organisation TIPS; WITS
  • Publication Author(s) Charles Okeahalam
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The banking sector in South Africa is highly concentrated. When there is high concentration, it is necessary to examine the effects on efficiency and prices. In this paper, we discuss the fact that there are various types of efficiency in banking, and that high levels of concentration tend to reduce…
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  • Year 2001
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Samuel Bowles
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
From the standpoint of labor around the world the problem with globalization is not that it lowers market-determined wages and reduces employment - it is as likely to do the opposite, and which it does will vary from country to country. The more general problem is that labor depend on…
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