Trade and Industry

SADC Trade Development (28)

The SADC Trade Development project was a partnership between TIPS and the Australian Agency for International Development. It involved research projects on trade reform and the development of a trade database, which provided trade statistics for the region as a public good. Although the project has ended, TIPS continues to host the SACD Trade Database.  www.sadctrade.org.

  • Year 2010
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Evans K. Chinembiri
This study seeks to model the effects of trade on employment in South Africa in a Labour Demand framework. The study uses aggregated data, as opposed to a number of studies that have used either factor content or growth accounting approaches. The paper specifically seeks to determine the extent to…

  • Year 2009
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Marcel Kohler
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Trade patterns change as a result of the international specialisation of production and the increased integration of world markets. This is especially evident in small open economies such as the countries that make up the SADC region. In 2000, the share of SADC industrial production that was exported stood at 12%;…
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  • Year 2009
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Albert Makochekanwa
  • Countries and Regions South Africa, Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Information on the impact of immigration on a host country's trade with particular reference to the African continent and the SADC region remains scant, if indeed it is ever available. This study seeks to fill this gap with an analysis of data. More specifically, the main objective of this study is…

  • Year 2009
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Countries and Regions Africa

  • Year 2009
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
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  • Year 2009
  • Organisation Commonwealth Secretariat ‘Hub & Spokes’ Project
  • Publication Author(s) James Maringwa
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Member countries of the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) engaged in a number of bilateral trade liberalisation agreements and initiatives from as way back as the 1950s, the main objective being to increase bilateral trade flows through deeper opening and access of regional markets. Southern African countries saw these ‘country…
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  • Year 2005
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Lawrence Edwards; Tijl van de Winkel
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Since the mid-1990s, South Africa has made considerable progress in opening ups its trade regime. In 1994 South Africa committed itself to reducing and simplifying its tariff levels and structure in accordance with it offer under the GATT Uruguay Round. As a consequence tariffs have fallen, although the number of…
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  • Year 2004
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) James Thurlow
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Computable general equilibrium (CGE) models are widely used for policy-analysis in many countries. In the past a number of CGE models have been developed for South Africa, and used to assess a broad range of policy issues. However, the perceived complexity of this analytical approach, and the concentration of capacity…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation School of Geography, Archaeology and Environmental Studies University of the Witwatersrand
  • Publication Author(s) Charles Mather
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This paper discusses changes in the regulation of citrus exports from South Africa. It traces the changes from state regulation of the citrus chain to very recent forms of private regulation in the context of highly competitive global markets. The paper argues that while these forms of private regulation are…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Kevin Nell
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This paper investigates South Africa's saving-investment behaviour between 1962 and 2001. The results show that due to the unlimited nature of net capital inflows (foreign debt) from 1962 to 1976, saving and investment were not bound by a long-run solvency constraint and thus unrelated in the long run. By contrast,…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Xavier Carim
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The overriding objectives of the Nepad programme are economic growth and sustainable development. If it is accepted that trade contributes positively to these objectives, the next question that arises is how to improve African countries' export performance. The ability to improve export performance requires a broader discussion of trade, industrial…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Kathy Gibson
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
In economics, the effects of tariff protection and tariff reform remain a contentious, fervently debated issue.1 In South Africa, decades of high tariff protection, of which domestic manufacturing sectors primarily benefited, are being followed by a period of substantial tariff reform. To this end, endorsement by the South African government…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Ron Sandrey
  • Countries and Regions South Africa, Southern African Development Community (SADC)
As international tariffs are being reduced increased attention is being given to the role of non-tariff measures in impeding trade flows. The working definition of NTMs used in this report is 'government measures other than tariffs that restrict trade flows'. This covers a range of measures from health and safety…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Carol Molate; Dirk Ernst van Seventer
  • Countries and Regions Brazil, South Africa
In this short report we examine South African trade with Brazil for decade up to 2001. First we look at the absolute values, trends, patterns at the aggregate level and somehow disaggregated level of 22 commodities clusters. The aim of this section is to provide a first round analysis of…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Faizel Ismail
  • Countries and Regions European Union (EU)
This paper will begin by outlining the policy framework that informs EU trade policies and will set out a development perspective that informs the evaluation of EU trade policies. The paper then discusses the issue of adjustment in the EU and evaluates the EU track record in key industries of…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Ximena Gonzalez-Nunez
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
The SADC Free Trade Agreement (FTA) came into effect recently. Periodic examination of intra-SADC trade flows is an important element of monitoring the impact of the FTA.
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) TIPS
  • Countries and Regions European Union (EU), South Africa
Of concern to domestic policy makers is that trade between Finland and South Africa is very much biased in favour of the former country. Set against this backdrop, Trade and Investment South Africa (TISA) of the South African Department of Trade and Industry (DTI), together with the Finnish Embassy in…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Carol Molate and Dirk van Seventer
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The Trade Performance Index (TPI) is a tool developed by the International Trade Centre (ITC) for assessing and monitoring the multi-faceted dimensions of export performance and competitiveness of countries and their principal export sectors. At present, the TPI covers 184 countries and 14 different sectors. It reveals how competitive and…
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  • Year 2002
  • Organisation National Treasury
  • Publication Author(s) Matthew Stern; Nnzeni Netshitomboni
  • Countries and Regions East African Community (EAC), Southern African Development Community (SADC)
The US Africa Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA), which was promulgated in October 2000, claims to “move Africans from poverty to prosperity by increasing their economic opportunities.” The Act extends Generalised System of Preferences (GSP) status for qualifying African countries to September 2008 and expands the existing list of 4…
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  • Year 2001
  • Organisation The World Bank
  • Publication Author(s) Jeffrey Lewis
  • Countries and Regions South Africa, Southern African Development Community (SADC)
In this paper, we examine the changing role of trade in South Africa and SADC from different vantage points. We first review progress in liberalizing South Africa's trade regime, and conclude that, while signs of progress are clear, the levels and complexity of protection continue to pose barriers to the…
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  • Year 2001
  • Organisation TIPS and University of Cape Town
  • Publication Author(s) Dirk van Seventer; Lawrence Edwards
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Almost immediately after the first democratic election, South African policy makers embraced the policy of trade liberalisation (see Holden 2000). To many observers, the offer made by South Africa to the World Trade Organisation (WTO) has been very generous. Various attempts to evaluate the impact of trade liberalisation on the…
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  • Year 2000
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Vusi Gumede
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
It is generally acknowledged that there is no sufficient, exhaustive and elaborate empirical examination of the quantitative impact of policies pertaining to import demand and economic growth in South Africa. In order to arrive at conclusive, sagacious and applicable policies on the economic growth potential of an economy, it is…
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  • Year 2000
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Merle Holden; Daniela Casale
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The paper aimed to establish the changes that had occurred in the institutional structures governing trade policy in South Africa during the period 1990-1998. It also examined the forces that had influenced the application of tariff policy by the major tariff setting bodies by applying various theories of endogenous protection…
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  • Year 2000
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Matthew Stern; Christopher Stevens
  • Countries and Regions Brazil, India
The purpose of this report is to launch a debate on the proposed free trade agreements (FTAs) with Brazil and India by providing some preliminary analysis. Two different but complementary research methodologies have been employed, each of which provides a different perspective on the possible impact of these agreements.
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  • Year 2000
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Nicolette Cattaneo
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The studies of Evans (1996, 1997a,b) appear to be the most analytically ambitious attempts to address, empirically, the question of the economic desirability of a southern African free trade area (FTA).  Evans (1996) is apparently the only serious study available to date which gives detailed sectoral effects of the formation…
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  • Year 1999
  • Organisation DPRU
  • Publication Author(s) Haroon Bhorat
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This paper describes formal employment trends in the South African economy since 1970, through using both survey and time-series data. In addition, the study tries to understand the forces that have shaped these employment trends. The descriptive statistics reveal that the primary sectors have shed close to 1.5 million jobs…
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  • Year 1999
  • Organisation IDRC
  • Publication Author(s) Trevor Bell; Greg Farrell; Rashad Cassim
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The aim of this paper is to consider the relationship between competitiveness, international trade and financial factors in the South African economy. The term ‘competitiveness’ is used here in two closely related, but distinctly different, senses. One of these refers to a country’s ability ‘to realise central economic policy goals,…
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  • Year 1998
  • Organisation UNCTAD; TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Ethel Teljeur
  • Countries and Regions European Union (EU), South Africa
This study projects the impact of the proposed free trade area (FTA) between South Africa and the European Union on the bilateral trade flows between the two. The South African and European respective proposals, as formulated in 1996, served as a basis. The results are evaluated both at an aggregate…
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