Trade and Industry

Trade and Industry (42)

  • Year 2017
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Neva Makgetla
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The current electricity model incorporates a paradox in which continual increases in price contribute to falling demand, which in turn leads to higher unit costs and prices. In this context, high levels of capital expenditure by Eskom have become a critical cost driver. The contradictory response of raising prices in…

  • Year 2014
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Wendy Nyakabawo
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Special economic zones (SEZs) emerged internationally as a policy to support industrial development in particular by providing for the introduction of targeted incentives and infrastructure. Internationally, despite their name, they are often effectively delinked from specific geographic areas in order to achieve these aims. This is especially useful where government…

  • Year 2012
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Chonzi Mulenga
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC), Zambia
Intra-Industry trade (henceforth IIT) has generally been perceived to be a feature of the industrialized countries. As the past few years have seen a rapid increase in Zambia's trade with its trading partners in the SADC, trade statistics reveal that a substantial part of such intra-SADC trade is in fact…

  • Year 2012
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Sandy Lowitt
This paper forms part of a broader research project TIPS has been involved in around common regional industrial policies. It provides an overview of key issues in global industrial policy literature. It begins with a brief examination of the link between industrial policy and development and the differences between the…

  • Year 2012
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Sandy Lowitt
This paper forms part of a broader research project TIPS has been involved in around common regional industrial policies. It looks at three examples of regional integration: the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), the European Union and Mercosur. The focus is on understanding the drivers and motivation for regional…

  • Year 2011
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) William S. Mbuta
The absence of growth in intra-SADC trade in industrial products since the tariff phase-downs were initiated prompted by the ratification of the SADC Protocol on Trade in 2000 continues to generate interest amongst policymakers and other stakeholders as it appears that removal of market access constraint alone is not a…

  • Year 2011
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) B Seetanah; K Padachi; R Juwaheer; R V Sannassee; M Lamport; U Subadur; J Matadeen
This paper models tourist arrivals into Mauritius from various parts of the world with a view to understand the contribution of different determinants in explaining the success of the island as an international tourism destination. A dual methodological approach was adopted namely panel date and survey frameworks. Results from the…

  • Year 2011
  • Publication Author(s) tralac
  • Countries and Regions Southern Africa Customs Union (SACU), Southern African Development Community (SADC)
For many of the African states, negotiations to liberalise trade in services is a relatively new phenomenon. For the Southern African Customs Union (SACU) member states, the only experience acquired on this subject was during multilateral negotiations in the context of the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS). Now…

  • Year 2011
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Countries and Regions Southern Africa Customs Union (SACU), Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Evidence based policy making is critical for developing sound and relevant government policies. The process of evidence based policy making by definition allows one to monitor specific variables to determine the efficacy of a government intervention. Accurate data and sound data analysis are needed to achieve particular objectives. In the…

  • Year 2011
  • Organisation TIPS
This note highlights the pattern of South Africa, European Union and Asia trade over the period 1990-2009. The note pays particular attention to trade flow changes between South Africa and the EU and compares these to the changes in the trade flows between South Africa and Asia. The note also…

  • Year 2011
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Roman Grynberg
The purpose of this paper is two-fold. First it is to review Botswana's competitiveness policy in the 10th National Development Plan, (NDP10 -2009-2016), National Export Strategy (2010-2016) and what are its conceptual foundations in the works of Michael Porter (1990). This will help explain the direction of trade and development…

  • Year 2010
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Ximena Gonzalez-Nuñez
South Africa's trade policy has undergone much change as the country approaches its second decade of democracy. In particular, of more recent interest on the global sphere, and hence on the domestic front, have been the trade issues du jour, including trade in services and behind-the-border issues such as non-tariff…
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  • Year 2010
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) TIPS
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This report takes a closer look at the trade and the trade agreements between South Africa and its free trade agreement (FTA) partners. Although the pace of unilateral trade reform has slowed, trade liberalisation has occurred through the negotiation of a number of bilateral trade agreements.

  • Year 2010
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Norma Tregurtha;Nick Vink;Johann Kirsten
This report reviews the performance of the South Africa's agricultural sector over the past 15 years; with special emphasis on the period 2004-2007 and identifies the main agricultural policies and support instruments introduced since 1994. The report also assesses their impact on the structure and performance of the sector.

  • Year 2010
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Tsitsi Effie Mutambara
This paper examines the pattern of trade between IBSA countries for the period 2001-2008. We find that trade between the countries has been on the increase. After the IBSA initiative was established in 2003, each country recorded a significant growth in its trade with other IBSA countries in 2004, leading…

  • Year 2010
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) G.L. Jonas Capôco
There is an increased recognition that actions to address climate change and the environment are intimately linked to economic growth and sustainable development goals and needs. Actions to promote increased resilience to climate change impacts and a lower greenhouse gas (GHG) emission economy in Southern African Development Community (SADC) fall…
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  • Year 2009
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Renato Johnsson Núñez
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
This paper proposes that non-temporary circular migration creates and sustains 'circular migration flows', which are the outcome of the continuous interaction between sending and receiving countries that is created and sustained by migration and by transnational networks. Circular migration generates both pecuniary and non-pecuniary flows which are conducive to enterprise…
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  • Year 2009
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Viktor Tokman
  • Countries and Regions Mercosur (Common Market of the South)
This paper deals with informality and its transition to modernity. The transit to formalization will enable those working in the informal economy to improve their chances of being included, become less vulnerable, and ensure a better performance of their activities. But this also requires recognition of the fact that formality…
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  • Year 2009
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Daniel Poon
This paper argues that perspectives characterizing the trajectory of China's economic reforms as “reversing course” are misleading by not recognizing the current stage of Chinese industrial development and the policy initiatives adopted to steer the country towards widely-stated national objectives. As such, the paper aims to contribute to the growing…

  • Year 2009
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Mmatlou Kalaba
The heads of states of the Common Markets for East and Southern Africa (COMESA), the East Africa Community (EAC) and the Southern African Development Community (SADC) met in Uganda in October 2008 to discuss broader objectives of the three regional trading blocs. This was later referred to as the Tripartite…
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  • Year 2009
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Ermie Steenkamp;Riaan Rossouw;Wilma Viviers;Ludo Cuyvers
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Market selection methods, of which a vast number exist, are a critical tool in firms' and government's policy, planning and budgeting processes. To this end, the primary aim of this paper is to determine the international market selection method best-suited to the identification of potential export opportunities for South Africa. The…
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  • Year 2009
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Daniel Poon
This paper highlights ten key features of the Developmental State (DS) growth model by contrasting trends in economic indicators and institutions between China (and East Asia more generally) and South Africa. In light of the recent (and perhaps politically opportunistic) adoption of DS language into the South African policy discourse,…

  • Year 2008
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
TIPS was commissioned by FABCOS (The Foundation for African Business and Consumer Services) to undertake a study on the impact of fuel and food price increases on small business. As FABCOS has a large constituency of informal or previously informal businesses, a strong emphasis was placed on the impacts for…
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  • Year 2008
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Mmatlou Kalaba;Mbofholowo Tsedu
The Southern African Development Community (SADC) has been implementing the trade protocol for more than seven years. The aim is to liberalise trade flows between members and eventually lead to deeper integration in the region. As member states are preparing to enter another layer of integration in the form of…

  • Year 2008
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Andreas Freytag
SAIIA and TIPS have collaborated on a project investigating balance of payment dynamics issues in South Africa. Professor Andreas Freytag, who has a Chair of Economic Policy at Friedrich-Schiller University Jena in Germany, has been working with SAIIA and the University of Stellenbosch on the following research: 'Balance of Payments…
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  • Year 2008
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Memory Dube
  • Countries and Regions China, Southern African Development Community (SADC)
This paper uses as its point of departure the recent demise of the world's largest financial institutions that set in motion the current global financial crisis. These financial institutions look set to re-evaluate their model of global finance and it is anticipated that western finance will be dramatically transformed in…

  • Year 2007
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Cornel van Basten
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
No-one can dispute that electricity is an essential input to production and economic growth in South-Africa. Eskom, a wholly state-owned utility dominates electricity generation, it supplies approximately 95% of South Africa's electricity. The Electricity Supply Industry (ESI) has been facing numerous uncertainties during the past decade. This included aspects such…

  • Year 2005
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Justin Barnes
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This document has two objectives. First, it endeavours to capture the domestic clothing sectors major market and production trends, as well as broader dynamics. Second, these foundational elements operate as a mechanism to identify current clothing sector constraints and opportunities and hence the need for, and the importance of, policy…
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  • Year 2005
  • Publication Author(s) Frank Flatters
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The Motor Industry Development Program (MIDP) is widely regarded as a major success of South Africa's post-apartheid trade and industrial policies. The program was introduced in 1995, has been modified and/or extended several times, and is currently scheduled to continue until 2012. A DTI-funded review, the third since the programs…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation Trade and Industrial Policy Strategies (TIPS)
  • Publication Author(s) Ron Sandrey
  • Countries and Regions South Africa, Southern Africa Customs Union (SACU)
As tariff barriers are reduced around the world, increasing attention has been paid to non-tariff measures. Although differing definitions exist of exactly what these NTMs are, let alone how their quantitative impacts are measured, they can basically be defined as government measures other than tariffs that restrict trade flows.
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