Research Archive (788)

  • Year 2000
  • Author(s) Eric Wood
It is widely agreed that technological learning and innovation are essential features of successful economic development. Yet achieving commercial success through technological innovation is notoriously difficult. Sophisticated entrepreneurial, managerial and organisational capabilities are at least as important as technical capabilities for achieving and sustaining this. Policy decisions around innovation expenditure…
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  • Year 2000
  • Author(s) Imraan Valodia
This paper examines the gender dimensions of the growth in informal and flexible work in South Africa and the government's policy response to this. The paper outlines the growth in informal and flexible work practices, and as illustrative examples, analyses how trade and industrial policies and labour market policies are…
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  • Year 2000
  • Author(s) Geeta Kingdon; John Knight
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  • Year 2000
  • Author(s) Malcom Keswell
Six years into South Africa's fledgling democracy one is prompted to ask: what has been achieved, if anything? In this paper, I will attempt to provide some answers, if tentative, concerning economic mobility as it pertains to labour markets in KwaZulu-Natal using the KwaZulu Income Dynamics Study (KIDS) data. To…
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  • Year 2000
  • Author(s) Haroon Bhorat
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  • Year 2000
  • Author(s) Ebrahim-Khalil Hassen
There is a line in the works of an ancient poet that reads ‘The fox knows many little things, but the hedgehog knows one big thing’2. Scholars have differed on the exact meaning of these dark words. Taken figuratively, these words provide a comparison of the deepest differences that divide…
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  • Year 2000
  • Author(s) Cliff Naude and S.K. McCoskey
The Spatial Development Initiative (SDI) programme has been in existence since 1995, with the primary aims of generating investment projects in key economic sectors in specific areas of the country thereby increasing employment in these sectors and areas. The key objective of the paper is to provide an assessment of…
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  • Year 2000
  • Author(s) Vusi Gumede
The relationship between the size of an enterprise and other enterprise dynamics seems ambiguous. This paper highlights critical policy and research questions, with specific reference to the links between enterprise size, enterprise growth and the propensity to export. Preliminary findings suggest that the prevalence of some systematic gaps in size-class…
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  • Year 2000
  • Author(s) Tahir Abdi
There continues to be considerable concern that the expansion of trade with developing countries (hereafter South) is lowering the relative wage of unskilled labour in developed countries (hereafter North). The issue of income divergence in the North is highlighted by the experience of the U.S., where a marked decline in…
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  • Year 2000
  • Author(s) Haroon Bhorat
A key component of labour market policy debate in South Africa, has been around the role of wages in either hindering employment creation, or conversely as a tool for reducing poverty and acting as a catalyst for aggregate demand growth. This debate has come to the fore more recently with…
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  • Year 2000
  • Author(s) Samuel Bonti-Ankomah
The main objective of this paper is to analyze the agricultural sector and identify the major factors impacting it's performance. This paper contains a situational analysis of the agricultural sector, a review of factors that contribute to the growth of the agricultural sector and the relative significance of factors impacting…
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  • Year 2000
  • Author(s) James Heintz
This paper examines how distributive outcomes and unresolved distributive conflicts affect the rate of productive investment and what the implications are for the level of joblessness people face in South Africa. The link between investment and employment is developed within a context of "Keynesian" and "classical" unemployment. Using time-series and…
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  • Year 2000
  • Author(s) Tracey Simbi; Michael Aliber
Agricultural employment in South Africa's commercial farming sector is declining at an alarming rate. During the 11 year period from 1988 to 1998, for example, the commercial farm sector shed a staggering 140 000 regular jobs, a decline of roughly 20%. Moreover, there is a trend away from employment of…
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  • Year 2000
  • Author(s) Chris Malikane; Simon Roberts
The paper utilises data from a survey of plastics firms and six firm case studies to examine the relationships between production and technology changes, and employment. The analysis examines associations between different factors influencing firms in making such changes and firm performance. These factors include trade liberalisation and the export…
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  • Year 2000
  • Author(s) Bernard Hoekman
A major policy issue for many developing countries is to foster further integration into the world economy. This note discusses the role competition policy can play in the context of efforts to promote the restructuring the economy, focusing in particular on the relationship with industrial and trade policy and on…
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  • Year 2000
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Author(s) Nicolette Cattaneo
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The studies of Evans (1996, 1997a,b) appear to be the most analytically ambitious attempts to address, empirically, the question of the economic desirability of a southern African free trade area (FTA).  Evans (1996) is apparently the only serious study available to date which gives detailed sectoral effects of the formation…
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  • Year 2000
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Author(s) David Ashton; Johnny Sung
The aim of this paper is to explore some of the major differences in the ways in which governments influence the process of skill formation. In particular, we focus on the ways in which governments use the market as a means of delivering the skills required for economic growth. We…
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  • Year 1999
  • Author(s) Kabelo Reid
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  • Year 1999
  • Organisation DPRU
  • Author(s) Haroon Bhorat
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This paper describes formal employment trends in the South African economy since 1970, through using both survey and time-series data. In addition, the study tries to understand the forces that have shaped these employment trends. The descriptive statistics reveal that the primary sectors have shed close to 1.5 million jobs…
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  • Year 1999
  • Organisation IDRC
  • Author(s) Trevor Bell; Greg Farrell; Rashad Cassim
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The aim of this paper is to consider the relationship between competitiveness, international trade and financial factors in the South African economy. The term ‘competitiveness’ is used here in two closely related, but distinctly different, senses. One of these refers to a country’s ability ‘to realise central economic policy goals,…
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  • Year 1999
  • Organisation UCT
  • Author(s) James Hodge
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
In the lead-up to the next round of WTO talks, some commentators have argued that developing countries should liberalise their service industries for their own benefit and not just in response to industrial country demands. This paper critically explores this position for the case of South Africa. It finds that…
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  • Year 1999
  • Author(s) Bryan Butterworth; Stephan Malherbe
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