Trade Agreements

  • Year 2005
  • Organisation Trade & Industrial Policy Strategies (TIPS)
  • Author(s) Mmatlou Kalaba; Ron Sandrey; Dirk Ernst van Seventer
  • Countries and Regions European Union (EU), Southern Africa Customs Union (SACU)
This paper evaluates bilateral trade between South Africa and the EU over the past decade, where possible up to 2003. Structure of the Report: Part A: Aspects of trade and tariff patterns Basic trade flows between South Africa and the EU Intra-industry trade Trade intensity calculations Areas of export potential for South Africa…"
Published in Trade and Industry
Monday, 26 February 2007

SA/EU FTA: Mid-term Review

  • Year 2005
  • Organisation Trade & Industrial Policy Strategies (TIPS)
  • Author(s) Mmatlou Kalabe; Ron Sandrey; Dirk Ernst van Seventer
This paper evaluates bilateral trade between South Africa and the EU over the past decade, where possible up to 2003. Structure of the Report: Part A: Aspects of trade and tariff patterns Basic trade flows between South Africa and the EU. Intra-industry trade Trade intensity calculations Areas of export potential for South Africa…"
Published in Trade and Industry

  • Year 2006
  • Author(s) Merle Holden;Landon McMillan
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This paper by Prof. Merle Holden, head of the School of Economics and Management at the University of KwaZulu-Natal Durban and Landon McMillan, an economist at TIPS, supports the view that the EU-SA FTA stimulated both imports and exports, while for SADC, exports were stimulated but the results for imports were ambiguous. The…"
Published in Trade and Industry

  • Year 2006
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Author(s) Albert Berry
Description In his paper, Albert Berry - professor of economics and director of the Latin American programme at the Centre for International Studies of the University of Toronto - identifies the impacts of globalisation and liberalisation on inequality. He finds that data deficiencies and a lack of in-depth analysis of inequality, poverty and…"

  • Year 2005
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Author(s) Lawrence Edwards; Tijl van de Winkel
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Since the mid-1990s, South Africa has made considerable progress in opening ups its trade regime. In 1994 South Africa committed itself to reducing and simplifying its tariff levels and structure in accordance with it offer under the GATT Uruguay Round. As a consequence tariffs have fallen, although the number of tariff rates and…"
Published in SADC Trade Development

  • Year 2005
  • Author(s) Reza Daniels and Lawrence Edwards
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This paper evaluates how tariff liberalisation affected households in South Africa over the period 1995, 2000 and 2004, focussing specifically on the incidence of tariffs over the expenditure distribution. Results suggest that trade liberalisation has reduced the tariff burden for households across the expenditure distribution, implying significant welfare improvement to consumers in the…"

  • Year 2004
  • Author(s) Rob Davies; Dirk Ernst van Seventer
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The South African government is evaluating the economy’s performance over its first decade in power. This period can be characterised by a ‘double’ liberalisation: democratisation of the political process going hand in hand with liberalisation of the economy. This paper provides a broad overview of the macroeconomic aspects of this liberalisation. Economic liberalisation…"

  • Year 2003
  • Author(s) Susan Cleary; Stephen Thomas
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
In South Africa, there is an increasing trend towards trading health services, both in the public and in the private health sectors, despite minimal formal liberalisation offered by South Africa under the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS). Health services trade has been occurring in at least three of the four modes…"

  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Author(s) Ron Sandrey
  • Countries and Regions South Africa, Southern African Development Community (SADC)
As international tariffs are being reduced increased attention is being given to the role of non-tariff measures in impeding trade flows. The working definition of NTMs used in this report is 'government measures other than tariffs that restrict trade flows'. This covers a range of measures from health and safety measures through to…"
Published in SADC Trade Development

  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Author(s) Carol Molate; Dirk Ernst van Seventer
  • Countries and Regions Brazil, South Africa
In this short report we examine South African trade with Brazil for decade up to 2001. First we look at the absolute values, trends, patterns at the aggregate level and somehow disaggregated level of 22 commodities clusters. The aim of this section is to provide a first round analysis of those commodities that…"
Published in SADC Trade Development

  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Author(s) TIPS
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
South Africa has experienced significant liberalisation during the 1990s on the political as well as economic front. Starting with the first democratic elections in 1994, the economy has undergone liberalisation of internal and external financial markets, labour markets and trade regime. Major changes have also taken place in terms of monetary and fiscal…"

  • Year 2003
  • Author(s) Kennedy Mbekeani
  • Countries and Regions Mercosur (Common Market of the South)
The Cancun Ministerial Conference ended on 14 September after Chairperson Luis Ernesto Derbez concluded that members remained entrenched on the "Singapore" issues. Shortly before 18:00 Cancun time, Mexican Trade Minister Luis Ernesto Derbez formally closed the Fifth Session of the WTO Ministerial Conference, without agreement on a Ministerial Text. The meeting had collapsed…"
Saturday, 15 June 2002

Cancun: Crisis or Catharsis?

  • Year 2002
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Author(s) Bernard Hoekman
  • Countries and Regions Mercosur (Common Market of the South)
During September 10-14, 2003, WTO members met in Cancun for a mid-term review of the Doha Round of trade negotiations, launched in November 2001. Trade ministers entered the 5th WTO Ministerial divided on agricultural and non-agricultural negotiating modalities, on whether to launch negotiations on the so-called Singapore issues and their possible scope, on…"

  • Year 2002
  • Author(s) Bijit Bora; Marc Bacchetta
The negotiating mandate for the Doha Development Agenda is both broad and comprehensive. This paper has tried to focus on the basic mandate given to negotiators in the area of tariffs and trade in industrial products. With respect to developed country markets the key issue is how to tackle the residual protection arising…"

  • Year 2002
  • Author(s) Bernard Hoekman
This paper analyzes a number of the challenges confronting developing countries seeking to use the WTO Doha negotiations to promote their economic growth and performance. A precondition for success is to have clear objectives and to take a pro-active stance. But a key necessary condition for success will be to recognize the political…"
Saturday, 15 June 2002

Consumer Demand in South Africa

  • Year 2002
  • Author(s) Swapna Mukhopadhyay
A major argument for trade liberalisation has been that openness increases efficiency, ensures greater market access to goods and employment, and these factors in due course raise growth rates and reduce poverty. However, it is also recognized that distribution of trade benefits among trading partners may be skewed, and that transmission of such…"

  • Year 2002
  • Author(s) Elsabe Loots
The aim of this paper is to investigate whether the process of globalisation, through trade and financial liberalization, benefits economic growth in emerging market economies in general and in South Africa in particular. The analysis of trade openness and liberalization in emerging market economies reveals that trade volume seems to have a relative…"

  • Year 2002
  • Author(s) Joseph Francois; Will Martin
Most of the large tariff reductions achieved in multilateral trade negotiations have involved the use of tariff-cutting formulas, such as the "Swiss" formula. But the wide variations in initial tariff rates may create a demand for new approaches in the Doha Development Agenda. This paper surveys some options and examines the implications of…"

  • Year 2002
  • Author(s) Sophie Chauvin; Guillaume Gaulier
In September 2000, the SADC FTA has been launched wherein full liberalization of trade is expected by 2012. The SADC FTA is intended to act as a catalyst for increased regional integration. Nevertheless what are the benefits expected from the SADC FTA given the economic structure disparities existing among its participating members? Is…"
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