Annual Forum Papers

  • Year 2002
  • Author(s) Matthew Stern
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Economists seem to agree that the theory of comparative advantage can be extended to trade in services. Countries with relatively large endowments of skilled labour and capital and relatively few natural resources should export more services and less mining or agricultural goods than those relatively rich in land or resources. Although some econometric…"

  • Year 2002
  • Author(s) Grace Mohamed; Daniel Motinga
  • Countries and Regions Namibia
This paper investigates the economic impact of globalisation on the Namibian labour market. It deals with how trade liberalisation, which is just one dimension of globalisation, impacts on the labour market, and therefore outlines possible indicators of the links between liberalisation and employment. The paper argues that the economic returns from greater openness…"

  • Year 2002
  • Author(s) Newman Kwadwo Kusi
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This paper examines the impact of trade liberalization on export performance in South Africa during the 1980s and 1990s. It employs a time series regression analysis in which export performance is assumed to be determined by external market conditions, the ability to compete in the world markets, and the extent of diversification of…"

  • Year 2002
  • Author(s) Frank Flatters
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
SADC Member States have chosen regional integration as part of their strategy for global participation. While not a first best strategy, regionalism can complement more general trade and investment liberalization. Unfortunately the SADC Trade Protocol is seriously flawed. Back-loaded and confusingly differentiated tariff reduction schedules are well-known problems. Less clearly understood are the…"
Saturday, 15 June 2002

Trade and the Environment

  • Year 2002
  • Author(s) Dockel Max; Roland Mirrilees
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The paper discusses the current developments concerning the environment and trade, as well as its implications for South Africa. This is followed by a brief outline of the threats and opportunities that are created for the economy by this renewed emphasis on sustainable development"

  • Year 2002
  • Author(s) Daniel Ndlela
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
The paper will examine the structural characteristics of the SADC economies and its lop-sidedness in terms of size and patterns of production, consumption and trade. This basic problem of the transformation of the economies in the sub-region will constitute an important part of my analysis of the determinants of exports from SADC. Though…"

  • Year 2002
  • Author(s) Mihalis Chasomeris
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
South Africa is a major sea trading nation with a relatively open economy that accounts for approximately six per cent of real world seatrade. This performance places South Africa within the top 12 international maritime trading nations. The literature reviewed clearly shows the importance of maritime transport costs and their ability to significantly…"

  • Year 2002
  • Author(s) Anthony Black
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Developments in the automotive industry have received considerable positive publicity over the last few years. Firstly, and most importantly, this is a consequence of rapid export expansion, initially of components, but latterly also of vehicles. Recently, for example, Toyota announced a R3.5 billion investment programme partly to provide for the export of Corollas…"

  • Year 2002
  • Author(s) O.A. Akinboade; E.W. Niedermeier
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
In the early 1990s, about two-thirds of South Africans were without electricity, relying on dirtier and less convenient fuel such as coal. As a result, urban air is severely degraded, with health guidelines for concentration of particulate materials being exceeded. Eskom dominates the electricity market of sub-Saharan Africa generates about 95% of South…"

  • Year 2002
  • Author(s) Samuel Asfaha; SN Huda
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Based on Edwards' (1989) intertemporal general equilibrium model of a small open economy, this study attempts to estimate the degree of real exchange rate misalignment and its impact on the international trade competitiveness of the South African economy for the period 1985:1-2000:4. For this purpose, a one-step Engle-Granger approach and five years moving…"

  • Year 2002
  • Author(s) Alvin Birdi; Paul Dunne
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This paper contributes to the debate over the effect of trade on the demand for labour in the manufacturing sector in South Africa. Previous work in the area has decomposed employment to find the likely contribution of trade effects, has investigated the correlation between employment and trade, and has used fixed effects panel…"

  • Year 2002
  • Author(s) Lawrence Edwards
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This paper uses two firm level surveys, the National Enterprise (NE) survey and the World Bank and Greater Johannesburg Metropolitan Council (GJMC) co-ordinated survey, to explore the implications of globalisation on employment in South Africa. We use the firm surveys to analyse the impact of trade liberalisation on the level and skill structure…"

  • Year 2002
  • Author(s) Ethel Teljeur; Matthew Stern
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The South African architectural, construction and engineering services industries have notable competitive advantages, particularly in providing basic infrastructure and particularly on the African continent. However, the sector has been in decline for over two decades, threatening the survival of those advantages. Exporters face many hurdles, ranging from corruption in Africa and the Middle…"

  • Year 2002
  • Author(s) Daniel Ndlela; Thandinkosi Ndlela
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
The major objective of this study is to evaluate the role of exchange rate policy in determining trade flows with respect to Southern African economies. The study provides a structural analysis to the empirical strength of the influence of exchange rate movements on trade flows for small low-income countries on the basis of…"

  • Year 2002
  • Author(s) Frank Flatters
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
SADC Member States have chosen regional integration as part of their strategy for global participation. While not a first best strategy, regionalism can complement more general trade and investment liberalization. Unfortunately the SADC Trade Protocol is seriously flawed. Back-loaded and confusingly differentiated tariff reduction schedules are well-known problems. Less clearly understood are the…"

  • Year 2002
  • Author(s) James Thurlow; Dirk van Seventer
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The paper reports on the construction and testing of a Standard International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) computable general equilibrium model for South Africa. A 1998 social accounting matrix (SAM) for South Africa is compiled using national accounts information and recently released supply-use tables. By updating to a recent year, and by distinguishing…"

  • Year 2001
  • Organisation The World Bank
  • Author(s) Jeffrey Lewis
  • Countries and Regions South Africa, Southern African Development Community (SADC)
In this paper, we examine the changing role of trade in South Africa and SADC from different vantage points. We first review progress in liberalizing South Africa's trade regime, and conclude that, while signs of progress are clear, the levels and complexity of protection continue to pose barriers to the evolution of efficient…"
Published in SADC Trade Development

  • Year 2001
  • Organisation TIPS and University of Cape Town
  • Author(s) Dirk van Seventer; Lawrence Edwards
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Almost immediately after the first democratic election, South African policy makers embraced the policy of trade liberalisation (see Holden 2000). To many observers, the offer made by South Africa to the World Trade Organisation (WTO) has been very generous. Various attempts to evaluate the impact of trade liberalisation on the South African economy…"
Published in SADC Trade Development

  • Year 2001
  • Author(s) Gertrude Makaya
The past two decades have witnessed far-reaching reforms in the provision of telecommunications services. Before the 1980's, telecoms services were mainly provided by state-owned enterprises and in rare cases by private monopolies with territorial or functional licenses. The 80's saw the role of the state being increasingly changed from that of service provider…"

  • Year 2001
  • Organisation University of Cape Town
  • Author(s) Lawrence Edwards;Volker Schoer
Since the early 1980s South Africa's trade policy regime has shifted from one of import substitution towards one of export orientation. This shift has been encouraged by trade liberalisation which accelerated in 1994 with tariff liberalisation, export orientation policies that ranged from direct support (GEIS) to marketing related support, and the GEAR macroeconomic…"
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